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That mushroom has 810 million years, is the oldest in the world
the LONDON - face-to-Face with the fungus, the most ancient in the world. It dates back to about 810 million years ago, and is found in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, preserved in a rock near the city of Mbuji-Mayi. The discovery comes from a research at the University of Brussels and has been published in the journal Science Advances. "Mushrooms have played a key role in the history of life on our planet, helping to create a ground, the primordial then that would have permitted the plants to land on the mainland," explains the geologist and author of the study, Steeve Bonneville , a lecturer and researcher at the University of Brussels. "This is a great discovery that pushes us to reconsider our knowledge on the evolution of organisms on Earth," he adds.

The fossilized remains of fungal mycelium have been found in some rocks dating back to about 715-810 million years ago, exhibited at africa Museum of Tervuren, in Belgium and originating from an area of transition between water and land. "This fact leads us to believe that these mushrooms have been crucial for the colonization of the surface of the earth occurred about 500 million years ago", continues the researcher. "The origin of fungi has been a source of questions for centuries, and their gentle nature has always been very difficult to find fossils in a good state of preservation and to distinguish them from other organisms", he adds. The team at Bonneville has analyzed the fossil with scanning devices of avant-garde that have allowed us to identify the molecular composition by detecting traces of chitin, a compound very resistant, which is located in the cell walls of fungi. "Only through chemical analysis and micro-spectroscopic analyses are related to each other, we could prove that the structures found in the rocks are actually the remains fungal of about 800 million years old," adds Liane Benning , geoscienziata of the University of Brussels.

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