ever since the refugee crisis in Europe in 2015 when the EUROPEAN union experienced an influx of people as unprecedented has been the issue of migration dominated the political debate in Europe as well as several other places around the world.
IN the united states, the issue has acquired a new urgency after the autumn migrantkaravan, mainly from Guatemala and the handling of children in detention centers, as well as president Donald Trump demands on the construction of the wall towards the Mexican border that has led to the budget crisis and the closing of the state apparatus.
to embark on risky trips or month-long treks, the EU, the united states and other countries set out a range of measures, ranging from tighter border security to increased assistance.
the Governments ' measures seem to have little effect on people's dream to escape poverty, unemployment and conflicts in order to create a better life. It shows a new large, international gallup poll among more than 450.000 adults in 152 countries.
just Over 15 per cent of the world's population say that they would emigrate permanently if they had the opportunity. This is equal to about 750 million persons.
was carried out between 2015 and 2017 also shows that the number is increasing, with 14 per cent since the previous survey in 2013-2016, and by 13 percent from the measurement 2010-2012.
Migrationsdrömmen is strongest in persons in Latin america and in african countries south of the Sahara and in north Africa and the Middle east. Even in north America, the states more and more a desire to emigrate. From to have remained steady at around 10 per cent in the previous measurements, the figure has risen to 14 per cent.
In Africa, the number who said they want to emigrate from 30 per cent to 33 per cent since the last poll, despite the fact that many times means that you have to risk the lives of smugglarnas boats across the Mediterranean to reach Europe.
on the Danish Flyktingråd, Bram Frouws, believes that despite efforts to improve conditions in the home countries will take a long time before we can see some changes in the migrantströmmen from the african continent to Europe.
– There are no quick solutions. It will take decades, at least, he says to jyllands-posten newspaper.
Others argue that the EU's measures have had an effect, and points to figures from the UNHCR which shows that the migration from Africa to Europe across the Mediterranean sea have declined by 92% since 2015.
– the Policy works. We have better order on the influx of illegal migrants but it is clear, we are not in case to create the work and hope for a better future in the potential migrants 'home countries," says Danish utvecklingsministern Ulla Tørnæs (V) to the news agency Ritzau.
want to move to, if you get the chance, have been the same for ten years, and about 18 countries for two-thirds of the potential migrants in the survey.
most attracts US – one in five (21 per cent) want to move there – then comes Canada, Germany, France, Australia and the united kingdom, each of which attracts 30 million participants. Sweden came in at number 14.
at the same time, the survey shows that many do not at all have any desire to move. In, for example, Asia is the proportion of adults with migrationsdrömmar small and the figure has not changed significantly in the last measurements. The same trend is found among the inhabitants of EU countries who largely are satisfied with life in their own country.