this Time the it is extremely in a hurry. Still, the mood the most of all the months is not in the calendar, but the first sudden change in the weather seam already. Cheerful and spring-like warm it's supposed to be on Sunday, thanks to High - "Hannelore", but for the night of Monday, meteorologists predict the crash: A blast of polar air brings 3 degrees at night and a maximum of 6 degrees during the day to Berlin and Brandenburg, including sleet showers.
Was the very first of spring, so only a brief joy? Extreme weather cancel again, perhaps in the long term, such as the dramatic drought in the past year? And the nature have to cope with the forests and street trees, the field crops and the plants in Parks and gardens and the animal world, the shock of the dryness at all? Time to draw a first balance sheet – and for a look ahead.
Creepy is the idea that in the summer of 2019, again as long as no rain could fall, as in the last year is the same for all experts. "That would be a disaster," Michael Kopka of the Brandenburg forestry administration, the mood on point. Then little more distance to be compensated damages would be threatened.
the weather forecast for 2019 would be a look into the crystal ball
How the weather developed langfristrig, want to say but currently advance, no meteorologist. Although there are reputable studies, the prophesy in the Wake of climate change, more heat of the summer, but specifically for 2019 Carsten Raymund from the weather service Meteogroup sets. "That would be a look into the crystal ball," he says. "The Climate is too complex." Long-term forecasts are not scientifically tenable.
When looking at the readings since December 2018, he sees but in terms of sun, temperature and rain, at least, no cause for immediate concern. The winter weather was yet to grow through. The bottom line is that it was warm in comparison to the respective average value of the continuously Sunny and about four degrees. In February, nearly a third of the normal rainfall was absent. But it rained in December, January, and March about 35 percent more than usual.severe damage: The Brandenburg pine photo: Sebastian Gabsch PNN
not balanced, The rain deficit from the previous year was, however, still for a long time, emphasize in unison the forestry and environmental authorities. The Situation shortly before the beginning of spring was by no means luxurious, especially since the water disappears in the sandy soils of the Region rapidly in the lower layers of the earth, to the deep-rooted trees. "We urgently need better-filled reservoirs," says Forstmann, Michael Kopka. And Derk Ehlert, an expert on Berlin's Flora and Fauna in the Senate administration for environmental protection, wants "a good water buffer". Both now hope on a rather rainy spring.
state of the forests: pine trees are eaten bare
The heavy rains 2017 saved the forests in Berlin and Brandenburg about the Drought in the past year. "It was, thank God, still have reserves of water available," says Forester Michael Kopka. In the case of the deciduous trees, you could not say currently, the extent to which they suffered long-term damage. The show, "when the leaf starts sprouting", when buds and shoots may be formed to be poor, or the Branches remain bare.
"Terrifying," so Kopka, "but the extreme damage to Brandenburg pine." Pests, such as the butterflies nun, jaw spinner and Forleule were able to develop to 2018, thanks to the dryness perfectly. Their caterpillars ate the trees bare. "The needles," says Kopka. And now the next Invasion is imminent, because in April, a further crawler generation ausschlüpft. There remains only one Chance to save the pine trees: "We must to a large area of spraying from the air with pesticides."
Hardly any better, it looks at the famous spruce. You are wanted by the bark beetle's home, benefited equally from the heat and, thereby, for the first time in a Long time, three generations in a year could be trained. "The Situation is so bad that we have to say goodbye to the spruce trees total," says Kopka.
In contrast to the pine is the spruce, but not a typical tree. Therefore, the waiver for him to do here easier. This also has to do with the targeted official "tag" of the forest. Brandenburg promotes long-term forests, the heat - and pest-attacks and better able to withstand. "Healthy mixed forests of oak, beech, pine and birch trees," explains Michael Kopka.Rising buds of a shrub, somewhere in Berlin.Photo: Paul Zinken/dpa
this Mix is actually more robust, the views of Berlin's forests. "We have pests already largely mixed forest-Ideal of Brandenburg and, accordingly, much less of a problem with bark beetles and Pine," says the spokesman for the Berlin forestry, Marc Franusch. Severe drought losses have, however, many of the new plantings, which were brought in the autumn of 2017, for example, in the Grunewald in the earth. "Three-quarters of the young trees were victims of the drought." And, given the mixed winter 2018/19 Franusch says: "We would have liked a crisp, cold winter break." This is for the Regeneration of the trees is the best.
agriculture and fruit plantations
A Winter that lives up to its name of honour, had longed for, and Brandenburg's farmers. "Especially one with a lot of snow," says Ulrich Böhm from the farmer Association. For the winter sowing a thick blanket of Snow, the thawing process was the most sustainable water guarantee. You do not start currently, so "with the best conditions," says Böhm.
However, to have developed in the autumn, there was a winter seed. "It was a very wet and mild" – a growth-enhancing combination. In no case should a Frost break-in. This would endanger the young plants.
Similarly critical of the Situation of the fruit growers is currently. First shoots show themselves in the plantations, accelerated by mild temperatures, sun and a little rain. A cold crash might destroy them quickly.
urban green spaces and street trees
Dry, bare Branches of coniferous and deciduous trees and shrubs, ugly brown spots on evergreen shrubs – Derk Ehlert of the Senate administration for environmental protection, describes dramatically the only now visible heat damage in Parks and gardens. His advice: "The dead Bodies quickly and cut it out." This will help the plants to recover.
Also some street trees already had long-term consequences of heat, such as tops to detect drought or stunted Shoots. The actual extent of the damage could be assessed but only if the Bud is more advanced. As a first response to the heat of Berlin's street trees had dropped in the last late summer, much earlier in their Foliage. This reduced the evaporation.
insects and birds
warning, the ticks are on the loose! 7 degree of awakening is also from your winter. You should protect yourself in the forest before them, the rates of insect connoisseur. Also, the mosquitoes are already active. You are indeed weakened by the Winter, because of the bitter cold not wanting, without which they fall right into a deep sleep.
But on the other hand, you drive the mild March temperatures to multiply unusually early. An early mosquito-threatening plague? "This is not yet in sight," says Derk Ehlert. It depends on the future weather. It is again cold, lost by the mosquito may be the energy.
nighty to be bile at the end of April
Berlin birds expected in any case, the insects, the table is covered, apparently, already halfway. The days are already longer, the increasing brightness is fueling your temper and encourage them to Twitter.More about
spring in early 2019 start to the season for beer gardens, steamer, nurseriesAndré Görke Sophie Krause Madlen hair Bach
The German nature conservation Association Nabu, you know that blackbirds and wood pigeons on their nests sit. However, many songbirds have not yet come back from their southern refuges. Blackcaps and a wood Warbler on the land, presumably in the next few days on the Spree river, you travel to southern Europe or Morocco. Nightingales, however, are not expected until the end of April. The "Queen of the night" overwinters in Central and South Africa. Presumably, you would also have a heat wave in 2019.