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The South Sudan towards peace: there is agreement for a government of national unity
JUBA - After six years of a sanguinossima civil war, South Sudan finally opens up to peace and reconciliation between the parties. The president, Salva Kiir Mayardit, has announced an agreement with the rebel leader, Riek Machar, for the formation of a government of national unity, that seems to be born in the next few hours. Already tomorrow the two enemies, president Salva Kiir Mayardite the opposition leader, Riek Machar, could give rise to a government of appeasement. "I will appoint soon the vice-presidents and among them Riek Machar", said the head of the State commenting on the agreement reached. "We are still facing some issues, but I hope that we will solve everything", said Machar. The international community, which closely follows the fate of South Sudan, since 2011, when a referendum was enshrined in the birth of the Country and the separation from the Sudan, welcomes the agreement, but not without doubts and fears that may all be wrecked.

In April 2019, the Pope had received in the Vatican Salva Kiir and Riek Machar in a meeting, at the end of which was expressed the common will to proceed towards reconciliation. Francis had expressed the desire to go soon in South Sudan with the primate of the anglican Church, Justin Welby, and the reverend of the presbyterian Church of Scotland, John Chalmers.

The formation of a government of national unity was the crucial point of the peace agreement signed in September 2018, but never put into practice, with the aim of putting an end to the conflict between Kiir and Machar, who represent two of the various ethnic groups that composed the population of the south-sudanese. The civil war, ongoing since 2013, has broken out just two years after the proclamation of independence of the african State. At the time we had agreed on important issues, such as the formation of an army is unified and the creation of a protection force to ensure the safety of Machar.

another issue to solve, not less important, according to the combonian missionary father Giulio Albanese, held in milan, is the management of the natural resources of the subsoil is rich of the Country. The other fundamental challenge to win, but for this it will take time, is to unify really a population strongly divided because of the structure of ethnic social fabric. In South Sudan, in fact, there are different populations, and are spoken in many languages.

The Dinka, estimated at around one million units, are the largest tribe in sub-saharan africa. In addition, in this Nation, live the Shilluk, the Nuer, Acholi and the Lotuhu. From the point of view of the religions practiced, the majority of the sudanese observe traditional rites, the so-called animist religions, while a sizeable minority professes to be a christian. The catholic Church is the christian confession is the largest in number since 1995, with 2 million and 700 thousand people. It is estimated that the victims of the civil war have been 350 thousand.

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