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Often child pornography sites, while reported, remain online. That's why
The Internet Watch Foundation based in Cambridge, removes a video online of children are abused every five minutes, for that reason their hashtag is #Every5Minutes. And only in 2018 have removed 105,047 web pages containing child sexual abuse. But it is not enough. The sites that pedophiles are multiplying like a virus and in spite of the efforts of the authorities seem to never end. To this activists on brazilian CyberTeam continue to hack the web sites of the municipalities and the parliaments. So far they have defaced 80 web sites, including that of the cathedral of Worcester, to denounce those who create, host, and using child pornography sites. How? Entering in the homepage of the hacked sites the list of sites alleged pedophiles, the names of alleged sexual predators, and the list of international organizations that deal with protection of children.

A questionable method, but that has put the index responsible for the existence of these sites filled with pornographic videos and photos of girls seminude on sale for a few euros. The results so far? A few. In response to our reports, some hosting providers have inhibited access to child pornography to alcunidi these. To intervene on only the large commercial entities such as GoDaddy, Hostinger, Tucows. But most of the sites, the outlaws are still online. "Have them close by a party, reopen another, there says an anonymous police officer".

it Is a plague the world. Suppliers of web sites that offer storage space, hundreds, thousands of applicants for these sites, the registrant, without any checking, because they are not required to do so. The procedures are automated and are not obliged to check whether, say, a site of toys changes its nature and becomes a gathering place for pedophiles. The sites that pedophiles have different extensions: ".com" and ".net", ."tv", but there are many that end in ".pw" (Palau), ".tk" (Tokelau), ".to" (Tonga). Are the suffixes web of small islands-a state which to make known their country to register free domains. On the web, the name says it all. For example, register a domain name in Belize, Africa, allows you to have a site that ends with ".bz" to take advantage of the contraction of the English 'biz', that is "business". Still others have the suffix of top-level domains, countries such as Russia (.ru), Albania (.al), Liechtenstein (.them). And these sites get there by typing even innocent keywords on the engines the most famous. But how is that possible?
The first reason is that those who host these sites earn there. How does the registration of sites pedophiles As it is known to have a web site you need to register the domain name. An operation that costs from a few cents to 10 dollars per year, so with just a few profit margins. And yet the registrar, so they call those who sell domains with a name readable by humans, they gain from the services associated with the registration of the name, for example, by offering web space, web hosting, email, and additional features, up to 50, 100 dollars a year. In some cases, the hosting service provides rates and incremental in relation to the number of accesses. So the more the site is famous, the more visitors, the more traffic they generate and the higher the price required for the commitment of the band and the servers respond to the request to view the page. Otherwise the gain is so low that only the registrar that manage millions of domains, such as GoDaddy, have a structure that is capable of intervening in cases of abuse, oscurandoli, but often without the be able to clear.

not Often you can intervene in a radical way because of the lack of complaints of victims, but also for a variety of reasons, technical and organizational. For example, it is difficult to understand who is really the owner of the site. When you register a web site you must give a working email that is written in a database along with the name of the owner, often bogus. Until the entry into force of the GDPR and the contact information of the registrant could be searched for with Whois, a service that tells you the entire history of the site, but now is no longer so, "for privacy reasons". Icann (the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) which has the task of coordinating the assignment of web addresses had opposed the decision but lost in court in Germany. This will be discussed at the virtual meeting of Icann, which begins on the 7th of march.

Icann, however, has a responsibility in all of this. The name of a web site, for example, is written in the national registry of domain names. In Italy it is the .en and in this case it is easier to intervene (they are called Country Code Top Level Domain ccTLD). But when the registry is not national you must comply with the rules ".com" or ".net" on which Icann is coordination and could intervene. Unfortunately, the decision of a few years ago to create domains like .apple, .tv, .wine, to bring economic resources to Icann has opened the door to new generic domain names (gtlds) that have not had great success, and to be cost offer domains. So the thugs know, there's several and if they are inhibited by the police, because the origin of crime, the open the other in a continuous chase between cops and robbers. the expert advice and solutions " At the international level is a very hot question," says Vittorio Bertola , an expert on Internet governance. "In the international bodies is discussed incessantly 'DNS Abuse', a theme that also includes recording relevant domains in order to spam, phishing, malware, intellectual property infringement and other offences". But why don't you intervene? "One of the domain names is a global industry that has margins very thin and respond to reports, verify the sites and to block them too much. And Icann can't do the cop of the network. Instead, give the registrar the ability to obscure a site is likely to facilitate censorship legittimandoli to cancel contracts at the first complaint. And if this would happen with sites of politicians?" For this the champions of civil rights in the network supporting the way forward is the removal of the content with the identification of those responsible, which, however, is slow and complex. The solution? "In the United Kingdom have block lists are constantly updated to ensure that all Internet Service Providers block access to the domains of child abuse," says Bertola, "and this is an example to follow". The problem is not only of your web sites. As it is said in Elizabeth Scala of the Italian Movement of parents (Moige) according to a recent research in Italy l'8% of the children declare to have shared personal photos with a stranger and 21% of those who responded to messages from unknown via whatsapp or even via email, comes to meet them. Often they are the photos of those encounters end up on the sites of the pedophiles.

"The Republic will fight always in defense of the freedom of information, to its readers and to all those who have at heart the principles of democracy and civil coexistence"

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