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In case of doubt, against the third gender

What's in the case of a dispute?
The intersex 800 m Olympic winner Caster Semenya feels from the world Federation of IAAF discriminated against and rekurrierte before the court of arbitration for sport CAS against the so-called inter-sexual rule.

As decided by the CAS?
a three-judge the question of Semenya rejected – according to "Spiegel online" in a ratio of 2:1. Thus, the Sport is allowed to define, whom he makes in his woman category take part.

What is the challenge with inter-sexual people in Sport?
intersex can not be assigned from genetic, hormonal and/or anatomical reasons, clearly the female or male gender. The power of sports knows no such differentiations. Therefore, the IAAF, says: Each of intersex, which does not exceed a certain Testosterone levels, reduce medication, she wants to start in the women's category.

How does the athletics Association to this decision?
By means of studies, he explained: The quantity of the sex hormone testosterone affects the performance is critical. Inter-sexual (female) according to the IAAF a Level of 7.7 to 29.4 nmol/L. Almost all biological women to a maximum of 2 nmol/L. According to the IAAF sexual a performance advantage from 1.8 to 4.5 percent, depending on the discipline was for inter. Ergo, the IAAF inter called sexual, to push the testosterone level to below 5 nmol/L. Otherwise, biological women had a competitive disadvantage.

Like the track and field world governing body, reacted to the verdict?
The IAAF is on the 8. May your Suspension of the rules regarding inter-sexual cancel. Who thus belongs to the so-called third gender, but the women want to start, have to lower the testosterone level to below 5 nmol/L over a minimum of six months prior to the first use.

starts Since tomorrow is the first Meeting of the Supreme series, allowed the IAAF until then, an exception. And: for the world Cup is only five months, therefore, inter-sexual, need to press about six months, your testosterone levels would be fight of the title. The IAAF solves the Problem as follows: These women are not allowed to start with a higher value in the season, must be able to prove via blood test before the world Cup, but that they have a limit.

How Caster Semenya has reacted to the decision?
By wrote on Twitter: "Sometimes it is better not to respond." Translated means: you place the judgment, of course, pushing. Therefore, you could go now to the Federal court. Only: This is to decide only whether the procedure is lawful. The CAS acknowledged Semenya as the other side but so much explanation time, in any other case and debated it for days.

Ergo, the chances are minimal that the Federal court quashes the decision. Semenya would remain a second variant: you may be able to sue the IAAF and assert that in your personal case, the testosterone-These match had never been decisive. Only In the Phase in the medication had to be oral, sank her times, made her a runner of national Format.

the data of the world athletics Federation for its strategy robust?
It is the key issue in the dispute. Because the CAS held in its judgment expressly States that it doubts the approach adopted by the IAAF in the Minimum. First, the data base is extremely thin. 1000 Topleichtathletinnen approximately 7 inter-sexual. And individual examples like that of Semenya is not enough for a legally unchallengeable rule. In addition, The Work of the IAAF, were sometimes sloppy and thus vulnerable to attack. The IAAF raised further data. The doubts as to the robustness of the data remained.

the world athletics Federation Is consistently?
no. He applies the inter-sexual-passage only for the following disciplines: 400 m, 400 m hurdles, 800 m, 1500 m and the mile (1609 m). He wrote in the own studies, that inter throw sexual in the hammer and bar to jump high. Other disciplines he clung, because in these the number of participants in inter-sexual was too low and they were previously available only in running disciplines good enough for global medals.

This means, therefore: An inter-sexual Kugelstösserin (with a very high testosterone level) must not take any medication. The reason for the shock at the end of the IAAF's approach: so Far, sexual runners were only inter interior. As soon as such women should also succeed in other disciplines, will have to remedy that, the Association, or of a biological woman who feels at a disadvantage, are being claimed and then have to act.

(editing Tamedia)

Created: 01.05.2019, 23:12 PM

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