The dispute has been brewing, now it heats up, US President, Donald Trump. On Twitter, he called on the weekend, Germany, France, and other European States should be on your list of countries IS fighters, which are held in the Kurds of Northern Syria captured areas, back and front court. If not, would be forced to the USA, the fighters free. The Americans are allied with the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), which is fighting against the terrorist militia "Islamic state". In the SDF, the Kurdish militia YPG-dominated, it holds under several prison camps in raqqa, Qamishli and other places. Federal foreign Minister Heiko Maas (SPD) responded on Sunday skeptical of trump's claim that it was "extremely difficult".
it Is a Trump only to the thing?
It is a well-known subject, one that arrives at his followers. The US President is pointing the Finger at allies and demands that you do more or have to pay more. The United States would have long much, and much too strong the other taken care of, now it is back to the own country. "America First". The withdrawal from Syria, he has promised his voters, that should happen quickly. To the IS must be defeated, at least as a "Caliphate" by the military, so much Trump has since his surprising immediate withdrawal announcement, which he has against the advice of his own military leadership are pronounced, learn.
he would like to announce very soon, and as media effect: "Mission accomplished". Easier the end of US involvement would make for him, of course, if the Europeans take more responsibility in the conflict. The question how to deal with the especially of the Kurdish allies captured IS fighters and their families should be dealt with after an official end to the conflict. To just pass only the Syrian government of President Bashar al-Assad, the serious crime to be accused of would be from a humanitarian point of view, catastrophic.
Therefore, Trump refers to the international law, consequently, foreign prisoners fighters are brought to a conflict between States back to their home country. However, this case is more complicated, since it is the "Islamic state" is a state in the sense of international law. The "Caliphate" was not recognised by any other country. The fighters are terrorists, the desire in their countries of origin, they withdraw, and thus to jeopardize its own national security, is therefore limited.
how many IS fighters with a German passport?
The Numbers vary. German security circles to speak of the 40 men and women who are being held by the YPG. The German government spokesman, Steffen Seibert, expressed vaguely, a "medium-sized two-digit number" of Germans. In the Federal Republic of active club "the Kurdish community," says, in Northern Syria, about 60 German ISIS supporters" in custody are ". It remains unclear how many of them are women and children. The German Public only a few cases are known. The ARD has recently reported on the Bonner Fared.
media reported also sustained in the beginning of February, the arrest of Martin L. of Saxony. The Jihadist was with his two German women and children near the Syrian-Iraqi border as the YPG access. Martin L. should have been in the secret service of the IS and a jesidische slave bought. Against L. the Federal government determined advocacy.
How dangerous the prisoners are jihadists?
Among the prisoners by the German authorities IS-people with combat experience are according to the findings. The Federal Prosecutor is investigating more than a dozen men and women on suspicion of membership of the terrorist militia, and in part because of further offences. The case of Sabine p. shows which risks need to take into account the German authorities.
The woman from Baden-Württemberg had left in December 2013, Germany, she went to the IS, married to a high-level fighter, and brought two children into the world. According to the findings of the office of the attorney General, Sabine S. was at firearms training, it will also have on the Internet for the IS and also for targeted killings is to be advertised. In September 2017 Kurds arrested with a gun armed, Sabine S. and taken to a prison camp in Northern Syria.
In April of 2018, she came back to Germany, but was not taken, despite an ongoing investigation by the office of the attorney General. The Federal court rejected the arrest warrant. Sabine S. settled in Baden-Baden. Since it was still considered dangerous, was a targeted Monitoring is necessary. The Details of the German authorities do not call – however, it is known that for the longer period of Observation of a Person around the clock, at least 20, officials must be used.
Only three months after the return of Sabine p., the police could arrest them. The office of the attorney General had reached with a complaint to the Federal court, but a warrant was issued. At the end of December, Sabine S. was indicted on suspicion of membership in the IS and other crimes.
Why does the Federal government, so, these German citizens to take back?
foreign Minister Maas is only for a withdrawal "if it is guaranteed that these people will be here immediately leads to a procedure before the court, if they also come in the form of detention". How difficult can it be, in the case of Sabine S. reading. The German security authorities to keep most of the German prisoners in the North of Syria is dangerous, but can not say with certainty that the own knowledge is sufficient for a warrant. The Federal intelligence service interrogated in the Kurdish Camps German jihadists, but such conversations do not provide necessarily court-proof evidence.
The Federal criminal police office talks with the Kurdish militia YPG, but such contacts are in a grey zone. The Foreign office stressed that since the closure of the Embassy in Damascus in 2012, was a consular care "continue to be, in fact, possible." And the YPG-controlled territory in the North and East of Syria-the "Rojava" (Western Kurdistan), is not a state, therefore, there is no German Consulate. Meanwhile, a Hamburg lawyer of several families imprisoned, their relatives in the North of Syria, the Federal government accused them "deaf and blind".
How other countries deal with their extremists in Syria?
More than 40,000 foreigners from more than 120 countries have joined in the past few years, the "Islamic state" (IS) or other groups in Syria. Including are estimated at approximately 5000 West European countries. In the Camps of the allied to the USA, Kurdish militia YPG up to 1100 foreign IS detained fighters and almost 2000 family members. In the North-West Syrian province of Idlib are besieged troops in addition, several thousand foreign fighters of the Al-Qaeda-affiliated Islamists Association of HTS and other groups of the Syrian government. Many of them Chechens, and Uzbeks. The reaction of the home countries of the jihadists is different.
The Russian government, for example, has at least 50 children of IS-members are housed with Relatives in Russia. In the case of the fighters, even Moscow knows no Mercy. Russia intends to wipe out the extremists in Idlib, and so on, the homecoming stop, says Marc Pierini of the think tank Carnegie Europe. Meanwhile, the United States will prepare according to the media, the infamous prison camp Guantanamo reports on Cuba for the accommodation of American IS fighters.More about
German jihadists of The IS man who speaks of repentanceFrank Jansen
the UK has withdrawn from two of the most notorious IS the members of the citizenship and their transfer to Guantanamo in agreement. At the same time, discussed about the return of the 19-year-old Shamima Begum, who went four years ago as the "IS-bride" to Syria and now want to go home. In Belgium, the government wants to challenge a court verdict, the two widows of IS-fighters and their six children return home to allow. France and Norway want to ask their citizens to return to court.