monthly fee for the most vulnerable. At the end of 2016, the WFP and the European Union (EU) have joined forces with the Turkish government and the Turkish Red Crescent to launch the social safety net of emergency (the Emergency Social Safety Net - ESSN), a program that provides a monthly fee in cash to vulnerable refugees. “We know how much this support is important for families,” said David Beasley , Executive Director of the WFP. “Parents have been able to make a roof for their children and nutritious food. The families have had a bit of financial stability to be able to start to rebuild their lives after the trauma of war. The support provided is a demonstration of the strength of the partnerships”.
In Turkey about 4 million refugees. Turkey hosts more syrian refugees than any other country. Of the approximately 4 million refugees in Turkey, 3.6 million are from Syria. With scarce job opportunities, many families have struggled to get to the end of the month. The ESSN is the largest humanitarian program ever financed by the EU, with a value of 1.3 billion euros until now. It is also one of the most impressive humanitarian programs of the transfer of cash ever handled by the United Nations. Janez Lenarcic, european Commissioner (in Slovene) for the Management of the Crisis, he said: “The European Union, together with its humanitarian partners, continues to make a difference in the lives of the refugees in Turkey. Have the ability to return to normality after fleeing from the violence and to meet their basic needs, like rent or food. I want to thank the WFP and other partners have developed this innovative program”.
Thanks to the ESSN, each member of the families considered suitable for receiving on a monthly basis the equivalent of 19€ in addition to refills quarterly depending on the size of the family. The money is loaded each month on a special debit card, with which families can withdraw money from an atm or pay directly in stores. The refugees can use the money for everything they need. The monitoring shows that 1.7 million refugees, using this assistance to pay mainly rent, utilities, food, and the need for the house. According to surveys conducted on households, their life is improved or stabilized after having started to receive money on a monthly basis.
The number of working children has fallen by half. Between may 2017 and September 2019, the percentage of people that claims to be able to cover all of their basic needs has increased from one in four to one in two. In the same period, the percentage of families in which the children had to work to help their families has dropped by almost half. There has been a corresponding reduction in the tendency of families to withdraw children from school. At the same time, the percentage of families who claims to have been forced to reduce health care costs is reduced by one third.
With contributions, nutritious diets and diverse. in Addition, the data on the food habits have shown that, despite the economic difficulties and the increase in prices by the end of 2018 and early 2019, almost all of the families who receive the support ESSN (97 percent) were able to maintain a diet that is adequately nutritious and varied. “This paper has helped us in many things during the winter, as the heating and the purchase of clothes for the kids and for us,” said Amira, a syrian woman who lives in Turkey with her husband and three children. “Has also helped us to buy clothes during the summer as well as vegetables, food and milk for the children in the market. The paper has helped us in many things. Our life will be better as long as it exists”.
A porogramma potenzito. From its launch, ESSN has been implemented by the WFP, in collaboration with the Turkish Red Crescent and with the vital support of the Turkish government. In April, the WFP will transfer the management of the programme to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent societies (IFRC). The program has seen a rapid expansion in the first year, going from zero to a million participants, thanks to the use of existing institutions and platforms to support Turkish you had to resort to the creation of new infrastructure.
The work of WFP. The World Food Programme of the United Nations is the largest humanitarian organization in the world, committed to saving lives in emergencies, to promote the well-being and support a sustainable future for the populations that are recovering from conflict, disasters and impact of climate change.
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