we Hear, first, what is the big Horsemen to the civilian use of nuclear power says. Friedrich Dürrenmatt, describer and painter end time of a Disaster, said only a few months after the Chernobyl disaster:
"The dangers are not denying that. Only I don't think that humanity will come around to make use of nuclear energy. In the face of population explosion and energy waste, we can, without nuclear energy, the need not to cover."
the author of "a physicist of all things"! Dürrenmatt as a keyword generator for NPP-supporters – who have become recently in the climate debate again, louder. Microsoft founder Bill Gates, for example, or Harvard Professor Steven Pinker, and in this country SVPler and free-willed. For the promise of the clean, ever-flowing atom radiates energy stronger today than ever. "Pandora's Promise" is the name of a Pro-nuclear Film, and that's just it: That you will replace with the core division of the old coal, and could probably withstand level, what with the fluttering wind turbines and solar panels never could.
expressed The amazing Dürrenmatt-quote, 1988, in "picture of science", in Michael Fischer's book, "atomic fever". The young historian working at the Centre Dürrenmatt in neuchâtel. His eye for works of art that have made the worst possible twists and turns of the Swiss nuclear policy is only conceivable, is one of the Strengths of the book.
A preciousness is Fischer's note to "The button", a little-known, unpublished Drama, dürrenmatt: A is made on the nuclear button, and triggers the final boom of mankind. Connoisseurs of the local nuclear history, of which the Anti-NUCLEAR-movement as some of the "atomic fever". Spectacular new finds from the archives of the nuclear industry or the military, one searches in vain. As an Overview, and as this is created, works the book, however.
As of the 6. August 1945 in Hiroshima "Little Boy" hits and explodes, at the same time, the big Bang for the Swiss nuclear policy. Immediately, the Federal Council and the military want to the most evil of all bombs, and only a little later, also the eternal power. A myth, with the Fischer convincingly refuted, is the notion of the non-megalomaniac Swiss military. An influential officer of the clique of rich represents after the Second world war, the so-called Mobile-Defence-strategy – curiously, the exact opposite of the Reduit strategy. Mobile Defence, which means huge tanks, the rollers, in a free field around and the Russians in open battles back to beat. Mobile Defence also means that the acquisition of the atomic bomb. In case you want to pop to the Russians directly in front of the bib, that is to say, the bomb to Moscow, fly there and unload.
For this you need to pot planes, like the Mirage, the French supersonic fighter-bomber. The Federal Council is ready for him and the bomb, enormous sums of money to spend. Because, to quote the Federal Council: "The significant increase in the power of flight weapon would be achieved with the use of atomic projectiles." Nevertheless, everything is much too expensive. In 1964, the Parliament refused to grant the necessary additional credit. The Mirage debacle is the beginning of the end of the Federal bomb plans.
The Left thinks
Five years later, the pressure tube bursts in experimental reactor of Lucens, and with him the dream of NUCLEAR power, made in Switzerland. It's the Americans, a jump, since your "Atoms for Peace"campaign, cheap NUCLEAR power from the pole Hawking. Dizzyingly quickly the reactors are pulled Beznau I and II and mühleberg. Later, leibstadt and Gösgen. The prevention of Kaiseraugst, then, is the great Triumph of the local Anti-NUCLEAR movement. Your gives fishermen plenty of space to each of the songs that were sung on Demos.
correct way, the author does not conceal the so-called an ecoterrorist group. You, the burnt cars of NPP leaders and the information pavilion in Kaiseraugst in the air chased. The ethos of a mutation of the moderate Left, on the other hand – a clear supporter of Nuclear power as a source of cheap energy for the vehement opponent – is one of the most amazing transformations that the Swiss political landscape in the 20th century. Century has experienced.
dubious energy transition
A further insight of the book, a particularly sobering since: is like talking to a long time in Switzerland is now on renewable energy (for decades). And how desperately little on this field, actually happened. Almost, you missed urge the rough deeds, with the politics and the economy after the war, the nuclear build-up Switzerland progressed respectively to advance. Leuthards energy transition, in turn, promised to be a cozy Thread, is proving to be a hot dance.
The Swiss NUCLEAR power plant continue to run, wear out gradually. At the same time, the operators have no incentive to do more than the bare minimum. Or, as Fischer is quoted in "atomic fever" the Board of Directors of a local operator company: "If it is in a house through the roof rain, you want to tear it off in two years, then you can cover it with a tarpaulin and have a rest."
it Remains for us to hope that it may at least be a good tarpaulin.
Michael Fischer: nuclear fever. A history of nuclear energy in Switzerland. Publishing Here and Now, bathing in 2019. About 50 Swiss Francs, 398 Pages. (Tages-Anzeiger)
Created: 22.03.2019, 13:34 PM