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Children at greater risk conjunctivitis by pollution
CHILDREN are more at risk conjunctivitis pollution. Faced with record levels of pollution recorded in the last period, including the various damages to the health products from the fine dust, there is also the drying out of the precious the tear film that covers the surface of the eye: particulate matter, in short, acting on the eye as talc, brings us away the tears. The experts speak of "conjunctivitis from pollution". "This is a new entity nosological, characterized by redness, dryness and ict", highlighted Paul Nucci, professor at the State University of Milan and director of Ophthalmology at the Hospital San Giuseppe, Milan. "It involves mostly the children, the more exposed to dust because of low stature, and overwhelmed by the pollution and road map", he adds.

"In the last month - continues Nucci -' was recorded in Milan, an impressive series of visits at the outpatient clinic, pediatric eye care: the parent recognises a tendency for compulsive to smirk, while the ophthalmologist is not able to detect other anomalies, if not an unusual fragility of the tear film. Are the particles that 'dry' tears, and cause the child to squint your eyes very often to replenish the protective layer. Recent studies have established the correspondence between higher levels of pollution and the recrudescence of ocular disorders".

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There is a way to tackle the problem. "The only precaution they can take the parents and wash children's eyes with special eyedrops ripristinanti the tear film," explains the expert. "Water or a simple saline solution would have the effect of diluting the tear, dispersing enzymes, proteins and other protective substances. The ideal, he adds, is to apply these artificial tears before going out, so that during the exposure to dust eyes are more hydrated as possible. However, if the disorder persists, better consult an ophthalmologist to verify that it is not the other, as a allergic conjunctivitis".

Some measures of public order, reasonable and easy to execute, would allow to improve the quality of the air, to the benefit not only of the lungs and bronchi, but also of the eyes. "It is necessary to intervene with drastic measures and not temporary to improve air quality and prevent the chronic evolution of the framework. For example, block access to the historical centre means a lot pollutants such as tourist buses, which often stop with the engine running, producing large amounts of fine dust. Another solution easily feasible - says Nucci - could be the frequent washing of the arteries the busiest of the city, especially in periods of low rainfall. The tires, in fact, passing on the asphalt, not only release a patina of polluting material, but rose again even dust already present in the air and sunk to the ground".

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