in the Year 2030, Sweden should reach a fossilfuel-free vehicle fleet by 70 percent reduced carbon footprint compared with the year 2010. Behind the goal are seven of the parliamentary parties – all except the SD and renewable fuels has a central role, as highlighted by the International energy agency (IEA), the OECD, the EU's roadmap for becoming carbon-neutral and at the ongoing climate summit, COP24.
Against this stands the individual researchers Timothy D Searchinger and Stefan Wirsenius, at the DN Debate highlights the hard twisted research results that biofuels can lead to higher emissions, compared with their parallel world where fossil fuels are used, and all the land afforested.
. The numbers are the Swedish Energy agency, on the basis of the model of the EU developed in the very wide consultations with the research community, environmental organisations and the business community. In addition, the biofuels meet strict requirements for sustainability in other dimensions, such as the fossil fuels is not. The future can climate benefits are expected to increase further, as the easily accessible, conventional oil dwindle.
the Searchinger and Wirsenius are right in that it is possible to produce biofuels with high carbon footprint, but they may find it difficult to cope with the EU's förnybarhetskrav and is not attractive in the market. Germany and Sweden require, year by year, a reduced environmental impact from the drivmedelssektorn, 2018, with 19.3% of diesel and 2.6% for gasoline compared to if all would be fossil; biofuels low carbon reduction, it requires tremendous amounts of to cope with this reduktionsplikt.
the EUROPEAN commission received the 2015 a scientific summary that describes how the climate impact is determined by the production method and on which the chips biofuels is growing. Skräckscenariot is when rich in humus of forest land are being converted to grow biodiesel – then it takes a very long time before the biofuels ' carbon reduction balances the damage. But the same report also describes how biofuels are grown on disused farmland can provide very high benefit to the climate – and it applies of course to an even higher degree when it is waste, and waste becomes biofuels. Biogas produced by the reningsverkens sludge and household organic waste, biodiesel from forestry residues and ethanol from agricultural crops is the example of biofuels with very high benefit to the climate.
We share the researchers ' enthusiasm for the forest, but we must realize that 70 percent of Sweden's land area already afforested, which is approaching a ceiling for what is reasonable. The UN's climate panel, the IPCC determines that the managed forests are best for the climate. The EU's recently released roadmap on how Europe can become carbon neutral by 2050 proposes increased building in wood, which give the residues which can become climate-friendly biofuels.
There is a broad political consensus that we should produce more of the food we consume themselves, and then needed agricultural land – but also using it for biofuels reduces the vulnerability and increases the efficiency. Most Sweden had 50 percent more farmed acres than in the day, and the area is decreasing continuously.
Searchingers and Wirsenius method is dishonest. By starting from the worst examples of biodrivmedelsproduktion and unreasonable alternativscenarior, so it seems better to continue with fossil oil, petrol and diesel. It is an absurd methodology, but it leads nevertheless to an important conclusion: Let us systematically reward the climatically best solutions – not for the day is the most popular solution.
But we see now that all of the renewable solutions that we have agreed are exposed to kampanjliknande action. In addition to the biofuels case, for example, elbilarnas batteries. We are concerned that it will lead to the consumer, the producer, the financier and the legislature hesitates and stays behind at yesterday's fossil fuel solutions. We will then be very difficult to reach Parisöverenskommelsens a 1.5-degree goal, the EU's climate and Sweden's ambitions to be a leader in the transition to climate-resilient and renewable.