As of 2011, the first courses of Islamic theology in Germany were launched, were the expectations of the Federal government and the Council of science and Humanities. The trained Muslim theologians should help as teachers, imams, pastors, scholars, and social workers, to improve the Integration of Muslims in state and society. In addition, we wanted to push with the training in the home country of the influence of foreign actors. Meanwhile, the first of currently, about 2000 students have left since 2016, the Unis. The speech is from a couple of hundred graduates, of which there have, however, managed barely a handful of to find employment in their chosen occupation as Iman. It has been failed", the courses of study on the labour market", according to a study by the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung (KAS). Concrete Figures are not called. The paper is based Mainly on the impressions of the lecturers at the universities.
The reasons for the poor career prospects are many and varied. In addition to the lack of acceptance by the mosque communities, the theologians fail to your own Suitability, as well as in the open legal issues, and institutional difficulties. Since Muslims are no different than Christians and Jews organized, with a few exceptions, as public entities, should they raise any taxes, and does not, therefore, simply the money to pay their pastors, teachers, and imams, as appropriate.
"A warning to the German policy"
The financing of imams from abroad – for example, by the Turkish religious authority Diyanet, or by Wahhabi or Salafist donors from Saudi Arabia, Kuwait or Qatar, are politically controversial. Therefore, the Islam courses of study, "the Europe envies us half a good idea", says Andreas Jacobs, coordinator of Adenauer Foundation for Islam and politics. "But we need to improve." The analysis of "Islam as a profession," he wrote with the sociologist of Religion Ceylan, a Professor of contemporary Islamic studies at the University of Osnabrück, Up. "Our paper is mainly a warning to the policy, a kind of yellow light," says Jacobs.
so Far, Islamic theology in Germany at five locations – Osnabrück, Münster, Frankfurt/Giessen, Tübingen and Erlangen-Nürnberg is offered as a subject of study. A further course of studies in Berlin is to start by the end of 2019. The Federal Ministry for education and research this deal with two dozen professorships per year, approximately 7, 5 million cost. For five years, slightly more than 36 million euros were estimated. Add to this the country.
this Financial module is so far, very little fruit, according to the Adenauer Foundation, often to about 2,500 Muslim communities in the country. The willingness of a German-trained theologians, is low to non-existent. The "Türkisch-Islamische Union der Anstalt für Religion" (Ditib), with around 900 mosques, as well as the Association of Islamic cultural centres (VIKZ, about 300 mosques) are their imams rather more self. The few graduates who has taken over the Ditib so far, had to complete additional training in Ankara, reported Jacobs.
Many Muslims wish for, apparently, no "scientification" of their faith
According to KAS many Muslims fear that your Faith could be distorted by the "institutional learning". In addition, the Ditib, was founded explicitly in order to make the Turkish-origin Muslims in Germany, of Turkey and their religious authority-controlled religious offer and to bind the emigrants close to their old home. After the Turkey has developed recently, more and more of a democracy to a autocracy with Islamist moves, it was hoped that the Federal government, you would be amazed by the new courses of study more Muslims for democracy. However, this assumption seems to break at present.
Several students were also "completely false ideas" of the Unis. Many of them think that Islam is unreflected for "the better Religion", and would like to give to your future students, noted Ceylan. "These people we must make it clear that you are here studying at the University and not to a Betseminar," adds Jacobs, the politics, Islamic studies and German literature in Cologne, Tunis, and Cairo. He recommends that potential students understand that they will experience at the University, "a critical discourse".
The head cloth obstructs the entry into the teaching profession
another Problem in the Integration of University Graduates into the labour market of the headscarf is, according to the Adenauer Foundation. The majority of the students are teaching women with the aim of. Many of them wear the headscarf out of Conviction. However, exactly that – the Wearing of religious accessories is prohibited teachers in most States.
Due to the diverse problems, the Adenauer Foundation, paints a rather grim picture of the situation: "as Long as none of the Church's tax-equivalent Instrument for the financing of Muslim institutions exist, layers of the above-described wrong and, in particular, the influence from abroad can do little to change. The employment of imams at German mosques requires well-established and transparent financing structures.“