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As the first metropolis in the United States : New York City plans to toll for passenger Cars

The border runs at Central Park. Anyone driving South of 60th Street in Manhattan, will in future have to pay a City toll. The fee is part of a new budget, the

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As the first metropolis in the United States : New York City plans to toll for passenger Cars

The border runs at Central Park. Anyone driving South of 60th Street in Manhattan, will in future have to pay a City toll. The fee is part of a new budget, the state of New York has adopted. This is expected to reduce by 2021 the number of cars in congested Manhattan and improve traffic flow.

A billion dollars could New York, with the fee taking, so first forecasts. However, the exact height and design are not fixed yet. In the conversation a price of at least around eleven dollars per day, so a little more than two cups of coffee. It is expected that for private cars and Taxis with only one passenger charged at a higher rate than for carpooling with several people as they offer services such as Uber and Lyft, which employ together in New York around 80,000 drivers. During the day, the prices should be, for example, in public transport, higher than at night and on weekends.

The money raised will be invested in the modernisation of the transport, the American media reported: 80 per cent in the renovation of the old New York subway, the Rest for transport to the surrounding area. According to surveys, a majority of citizens supported the plans. Around a decade ago, the project of a City-toll, at the time, promoted by mayor Michael Bloomberg, had failed.

For city planners, transport researchers and environmentalists that reducing again on the traffic information, the effects of such charges, the decision of New York is a milestone. Since it is the famous Big Apple, will report in the next few days in the world media about the plans, and thus elsewhere debates. In the US, for example, has addressed the attention directly to Los Angeles, where there are many traffic jams, but – unlike in New York – hardly any buses, trams and trains.

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In Europe including Stockholm, Milan and London in their inner cities, charges entry, in part for more than a decade. The basic economic idea of city-to-city in Detail different approaches it is not yet priced into the cost of individual trips, for example to take account of air pollution, noise and public space. What may in theory be inconclusive, is politically very difficult to enforce – at least where drivers are (voters). Singapore is also an authoritarian-governed city-state was then a pioneer of the model.

politicians are afraid of the fee

"If you can survive the political valley of death and the positive effects will be visible, then the support is growing" – as Stockholm's transport councillor Jonas Eliasson described the toll his experience with the introduction of the City. He had driven the plans once against violent Resistors. Today, Stockholm is regarded as a success example: There are fewer traffic jams, and even a majority of those motorists who have to pay the fees, calls for the City toll.

In Germany are Berlin, Munich, Hamburg and at a distance behind Leipzig, Stuttgart, Nuremberg and Frankfurt, the cities with the most congestion. In the capital, where motorists are stuck in the average 154 hours in traffic, costing the economy alone, the loss of time every year, more than 1300 Euro per motorist, according to a study by the traffic information provider Inrix.

"in the next few years, congestion will be severe consequences for the German economy and the population. If we want to reduce these burdens, we must invest in intelligent transport systems,“ said Inrix Analyst Trevor Reed, has evaluated the data from the world's top 200 cities.

Since the Diesel debate, the City toll in a particularly traffic-ridden cities is also in Germany again and again on the political Agenda, as a possible anti-bans, but rarely longer than a few days. As Berlin's transport Senator Regine Günther (independent, Green) recently pointed out that less cars in the city for a better ride for those that are dependent on your car, got you a Shitstorm.

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Dominik Straub, Ralph Schulze, Tanja cake Becker Sebastian Borger

The post first appeared in our decision-Briefing daily mirror Background mobility & Transport.

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