The difficulty in tracking down the contacts of infected monkeypox victims is a new obstacle in the fight against the disease. The epidemic of cases among men who had sex with other men in May has led to stigmatization of the disease. It was previously thought that the virus only affects homosexuals. The fact that so many people are unwilling to visit their health centers to get tested has prevented the transmission of the disease from happening.
Specialists are already concerned about the lack of surveillance. The European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), called last week on civil society to build trust in contact tracing and ensure these strategies and associated risk communication are suitable for affected groups while reducing stigmatization.
European experts know that while the majority of cases are still occurring in men who have had sex with other men, they also find more cases in other populations. They encourage those at risk to keep track of their sexual contacts and ask organizers of anonymous sexual events to notify participants if they discover that there has been an outbreak. They also claimed to use "respectful language" that doesn't relate the transmission to sexual orientation or practices. Monkeypox can be dangerous, especially for elderly and children.
The spread of the disease is spreading to other populations due to its severity. The World Health Organization (WHO), warned Friday that infections in Europe have increased by three times in the past two weeks to reach 4,500. Hans Kluge, WHO's regional director for Europe warned that cases must be investigated in a laboratory and that contacts should be identified quickly to reduce the risk of spreading the disease. The expert said that the outbreak was rapidly evolving and expanding its reach to areas and groups previously unaffected.
The Ministry of Health reported the first case of the disease in a three-year old child on Tuesday. It did not give any further information. There is at least one other person with the virus, who is 67 years old. However, the majority of the affected are between 31 and 44 years. According to its most recent report, 800 cases were registered by Carolina Darias' department. However, Renave admits that there have been delays in the National Epidemiological Surveillance Network. The number of patients is already close to 1,500, according to the latest count by the communities.
Health has information on the transmission mechanisms of 273 out of 800 infections. They found that 93.4% were due to close contact in high-risk sexual relationships and 6.6% were due to close non-sexual contacts. Seventy-two of the 792 infections have been reported in men, while eight have been reported in women. All autonomous communities except La Rioja have one. The majority of the symptoms were anogenital rash (changes in skin color or irritation), 65.8%, and in other places (53.9%). Asthenia (41.4%) and localized lymphadenopathy (30.4%).
According to the University of Salamanca Raul Rivas, the lack of reliable data is a major problem that researchers face around the globe. Rivas emphasizes that a large number of infected people are reluctant to share information about their partners and the people they have sex with. If this is not done, there may be new obstacles in vaccine development.
Spain has received 5,300 doses (marketed as Jynneos smallpox vaccine) of Inmanex this week. It is also highly effective against monkeypox. Protocol approved by the Vaccine Committee states that close contacts are those people who have been in direct contact with the compound. In this instance, it is those who were in close contact with a positive during the past four days.