"escape, eliminate the causes," and so a new mass migration to Europe prevent. This political recipe is omnipresent. It can be heard in the Federal government in Bern as well as to the political platforms of neighbouring countries. With more development aid, poverty is alleviated and the number of emigrants to be reduced. What is called for in this country, among others, including the former Minister of justice Simonetta Sommaruga (SP) repeatedly, in Germany, Chancellor Merkel's step-by-step.
In Germany, a number of Economists and researchers warn, however, not a belief. The Heidelberg development researchers Axel Dreher in the "Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung" (FAZ) says it is wrong to assume that more economic growth in recipient countries, the number of refugees and migrants will go back. Screwdriver looks exactly the opposite effect: "The migration research, it is expected that with rising incomes, the number of Coming to Europe first, will increase. It is the Poorest of the poor, who leave their countries, but who can afford not to."
a number of empirical studies would show that a rise in the gross domestic product (GDP) in the poorest countries, have more emigration, more reported the FAZ. Development aid increases GDP by ten percent, increases the emigration rate in relation to the total population to 1.5 percent. According to a study by Jean-Claude Berthélmy and Co-authors with the title "Aid and Migration: Substitutes or Complements?".
Only from a certain income people
And Switzerland? How does Manuel Sager, the chief of the Directorate for development and cooperation (SDC), studies and researchers believe? The studies were known to him, he said in an interview with this newspaper.
SDC-boss-teller finds it cynical to want to people in the countries concerned in poverty. Photo: Keystone
Already in the nineties, the first such findings had been discussed in. Up to a Per capita income of 8000 to 10’000 dollars a year, has additional probably does not have a dampening effect on migration readiness, says Sager. On the contrary, extra income, Migration can allow. Above the aforementioned income threshold, the willingness to stay in the country increases, but noticeably.
There is, in his view, no reason, these primarily economic considerations, to doubt. "However, it would be cynical to say this on the basis of these findings, we want the people in the countries concerned remain so poor that you can not emigrate."
Escaped to "go back as soon as possible"
The SDC move to three levels of Intervention – a short-term, medium-term and long-term. In the short term, you'll see that the refugees who had to flee from war or natural disasters, stored in a catch-all for the cost of living vorfänden. "Do that, and remain Exiled there, and go back to their homeland as soon as possible," explains Sager. The warehouse should provide protection, water and food.
short-term assistance relies on collecting stock: The Greek migration Minister distributed games to children in a refugee camp in Athens. Photo: Keystone
in the medium term, the fact that refugees could be integrated in their new environment. 80 percent of African Migration from Africa, recalls Sager. The SDC supported measures that allowed refugees to gain a foothold within Africa at a new location on foot.
"And in the longer term we can help, the causes of flight and forced Migration in the countries of origin themselves." The means used for the observance of human rights, against corruption, for a solid basic education and vocational training and for better economic conditions. The latter is intended to attract more local and foreign investment. Illusions at rapid remedy, you should not do, however, warns tellers. Until such measures to be effective, it takes, according to studies, ten, eleven years. The more important of the above are short - term and medium-term measures for the protection and Integration in the regions themselves. (Editorial Tamedia)
Created: 05.02.2019, 20:02 PM