A life of fighting without ever advocate or use violence. 90 years ago the Mahatma Gandhi embarked on a walk of 380 kilometres to protest against the tax on salt imposed by the british colonists. He initiated the movement of civil disobedience.
Icon in his lifetime, his fame goes beyond the borders of his country. And for the physicist Albert Einstein "the future generations will hardly believe that such a being has ever trod our earth."A tireless fighter
The creed of this small man, thin, mischievous look, dressed in a loincloth and white leading a life of an ascetic, is non-violence. He never compromise on this principle. Thus, he does not hesitate to abandon a battle, if the violence appears, such as, for example, after the Amritsar massacre in April 1919.
throughout his life, one that embodies the "passive resistance" is fighting relentlessly for the rights of Indians, against inequality and for the independence of his country. Its strength lies in the methods it uses, and who prove to be the weapon of a frightening effectiveness: civil disobedience, non-cooperation, strike, boycott, commercial and administrative, hunger strike, fasting. They confuse the enemy or the occupying british. Finally, after years of advocacy and struggle, he managed to its purposes: on 15 August 1947 the independence of India was proclaimed. But by his positions, Gandhi was not that of friends: on the 30th of January 1948 he was assassinated by a hindu nationalist. India is in shock, an orphan with a guide that has worked for his country. Check out more of his life in our quiz.