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Growth in Brandenburg : Berlin, it draws in the small towns

Behind the Berlin horizon's more – at least with the growth. Because not only the population in the surrounding area increases, but also in the so-called second Ring. Meanwhile, cities like Jüterbog, Neuruppin, Eberswalde, Luckenwalde, or Brandenburg/Havel have positive migratory balances with Berlin. "It will draw more people from the capital go there than Vice versa," says Henning Boeth from the Leibniz-Institute for Spatial and social research (IRS) in Erkner. The regional researchers speak of a "gentle growth" and "extended Metropolitan region".

since the beginning of the 1990s, Small - and medium-sized cities in the direct surroundings of the immigration from Berlin. The Federal capital is growing now, but the influx was mainly from international immigration. At the same time, there is the Trend that Berlin's move into the suburban area, after the growth in the bacon belt around the turn of the year had gone back a thousand change something. Now the immigration in addition, as the data of the state office for statistics, in the second Ring. An absolute population growth is due to the low birth, the exception rate, but it is more people usually come, away.

number of trains per day travelling predominates only in Frankfurt and Cottbus

Between 2005 and 2017 there will be almost went unbroken with Luckenwalde, Brandenburg/Havel, Eberswalde, Jüterbog and Neuruppin to the top. The number of the trains is predominant only in Frankfurt (Oder) and Cottbus, but also with a declining trend. After all, Cottbus 2017 recorded the highest number of entries from Berlin (454, what is revealed, however, by 603 moves into a negative balance).

The best value in 2017 – data for 2018 are not yet available – showed Eberswalde with 431 entries at 274 exits. The cities also benefit of new citizens from the surrounding area. "Here, there is a clear Trend that is confirmed by the local authorities," explains Boeth. "The bacon belt, some cities are now moving in the other metropolis of the room slowly into focus."

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order of growth is still a tender Seedling. After all, it might help, but the principle of "Decentralized concentration" from the 1990s that should redirect the time pressure of Growth of Berlin in the Brandenburg towns of garland, again to new life: "After years of contraction 2005 shelved, the concept may now be a Revival", says the IRS-researchers, Manfred Kühn.

The new immigration is largely borne by families. In the case of younger people, who are in training or in a career, it looks different, is Boeths analysis. Why it attracts families from Berlin in the "city ring", you can not say clearly.

Rising Rents and housing prices in the capital and Potsdam, and may play a role. "But the fact that people move because of high Rents in Berlin and Potsdam, in one of his buildings in Eberswalde, has so far been rather rare," says Henning Boeth. Such an extrusion process can be based on the currently available data is still not evidence.

jobs

in need of A different aspect of the returnees. Once because of work in the West of Germany or in the big cities, routes, increasingly, people have the sensor in the old home. The Brandenburg cities to intensify their efforts to this group. "A sticking point is the jobs are, of course," says researcher Boeth. Who got a Job in Berlin for the places of residence such as Eberswalde or Jüterbog be quite attractive. A returnee from West Germany, however, only if he has a vocational perspective. "This is the great challenge facing these cities are still standing."

For the cities in the second Ring, the development has, of course, a great opportunity. Because the inner cities prior to the vacancy and expiration store. In the case of the newcomers, especially the inner cities are popular, the regional researchers suggest that the new residents are looking for a "degree of urbanity". "It is also about re-urbanization, because the inner cities are benefiting massively from the influx and architectural appreciation", is the assessment at the IRS. This city planner of Brandenburg/Havel and Eberswalde to confirm.

Also in the shrinking cities Cottbus and Frankfurt (Oder) increases the influx in the well restored old towns. In Parallel with this, in the 1990s, started demolition continues in the large housing estates. "It's a Juxtaposition of growth in the inner cities, which needs to be managed, and a shrinkage of the population in the Edge, which is why further back is built," says Boeth.

Urban residential forms

The gentle growth of the communities generally welcome. Now it is in need of urban development concepts that take the. So if you want to develop in Brandenburg/Havel, an immigration strategy and the housing stock to the new demand. It is an attempt to create urban forms of living. Ultimately, the regional researchers have identified two of the challenge: "firstly, the current and potential transferees are to attract more targeted than in the past, and to shed light on their motives; and secondly, in research and practice, a city's development narrative, in which Brandenburg is as an overflow basin for Berlin."

in addition to the influx of families and Brandenburg housing companies (BBU) according to the findings of the Association of Berlin-yet another migration, especially along the so-called Or-Rail. Seniors are interested in a life in Schwedt, Eisenhüttenstadt and Frankfurt (Oder), where in old age, the necessary infrastructure, affordable housing and low cost of living. This development is already observable in the Saxon town of Görlitz.

The city recorded in the past few years with an influx of seniors even from the whole of Germany: The restored old town with comparatively cheap Rents and the cultural offer is attractive, says social researcher Boeth. Meanwhile, there was a small growth, strong immigration was there, but remained due to the edge location. Currently, the city advertises, therefore, with the project "city on a trial – to Live and Work in Görlitz" to new residents with an activity that is not tied to a location.

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population forecast from The Berlin commuter belt grows more

Thorsten Metzner

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