the UN climate conference in Katowice, Poland is now entering the home stretch – but the work goes not so quickly as hoped.
at the same time, analysis shows that the countries of the world, despite all the pledges, on the path towards a temperature rise of 3 degrees Celsius – twice as much as 1.5-gradersmålet.
the 1.5-gradersmålet adopted at the big climate summit in Paris in 2015. It is still possible to achieve, but for it to become a reality requires that today's levels of greenhouse gas emissions to be drastically reduced, and it quite soon.
The new analysis has been made of the independent research organisation the Climate Action Tracker. It shows that some countries have tightened their commitments and actions, such as Argentina, Canada and the EU-member states.
But this is not enough. The forecast shows that the temperature rise could reach up to 3.3 degrees Celsius around the year 2100 – a risky, high-level, according to most experts.
the Countries ' promises from Paris must in other words be sharpened, and measures to bring down the emissions to be tightened dramatically.
the Meeting in Katowice is seen as a crucial step on the way – though the question is if time will be sufficient.
On Tuesday arrived ministers, which means that högnivåförhandlingarna now have started – but they learn how to have a hard job to get together an acceptable result. So far, the negotiations have gone relatively slow.
Countries are afraid to let go of their positions, " says minister of the environment, Karolina Skog.
Hopes have been to get together a framework for the paris agreement should be able to function. The problem is that some countries – among them utsläppsjättar as China and India – do not consider themselves to have the same accountability to which the EU and the united states.
" We hoped we would be able to solve the technical issues. The texts we now have are clearer than before, but it is slow with some issues, " said Roger Sedin, vice's head of negotiations for Sweden at the meeting.
– Differentieringsfrågan, what are the obligations of the various countries shall be deemed to have, is the most difficult.
During the 1990s did not have the countries classified as developing countries account for anything. But this became unsustainable as China's emissions were increasing. Now it is said that all countries must report their emissions, but China is resisting.
– They believe that it is about sovereignty. Though they doesn't really explain what is the problem with their accounting, " says Roger Sedin.
the Countries with the biggest emissions of greenhouse gases by 2016:
– China, 13,01 billion tonnes.
Emissions include the combustion of fossil fuels, and emissions from land use and deforestation.
Source: Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency