Four of every 10 victims of violence LGTBIfóbica in Spain are assaulted by people of their immediate environment, according to the report, The hidden face of violence towards the collective LGBTI that has presented this Thursday the Observatory against Hate. The document, funded by the Ministry of Health, Social Affairs and Equality, says that in 12% of cases the neighbors of the victim are those who are attacked, 7% is your family, and 17% are other acquaintances of his environment. In the last year have been registered in Spain, 629 cases of hate crimes to people of the collective LGBTI, according to the report details, produced with data collected by the Observatory against l Homofòbia of Catalonia, for the service Offences of Hatred of the Line Rainbow State Federation of LGBT groups, and by six points local to this group. However, according to the experts, between 60% and 80% of cases are not reported, so that you do not know the actual number of victims.
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"it Is very alarming. Unlike what happens in other crimes of hatred [racism or religious freedom], the majority of people who suffer assaults LGTBIfóbicas do not feel safe in their immediate environment, which in many cases prefer to hide their sexual identity and if they suffer homophobic attacks, do not report. This encourages the invisibility of the collective explains," Jesus Generelo, coordinator of the observatory Networks against the Hatred of the State Federation LGBT. Of the 332 cases analysed, 57% were harassment, such as insults in the street or in the workplace, intimidation, or threats.
The second type of violence LFTBIfóbica most common are physical assaults (14%). In this latter type, the report draws on a particular event: a father who assaulted them physically to your child in the street —at that time back because they had been threatened— and in which the victim lost consciousness. After being taken to the hospital, she was diagnosed with a fracture of the nasal septum, loss of partial vision in the left eye, loss of hearing, partial of the left ear, bruising all over the body and head. "After the incident, the victim and her sister left their house and have not returned to their home for fear of more attacks," says the document.
Generelo ensures that the safety of the environment nearby which enhances the visibility of the collective, the LGBT people would be "without danger" to be able to express their sexual identity and "forces" to denounce such attacks. At the time of the complaint, 74% of the victims were identified as homosexual, and 21% as lesbian. The majority of the aggressors, targets those responsible for the text, are young men. 53% of the victims are young people between 18 and 35 years. The age group of attacked the most numerous, ranging from 36 to 50 years old, 31%. According to experts, another piece of data "alarming" is that 12% of the victims are minors.
Catalonia has been the Autonomous Community that more assaults have been recorded (130 cases) and the Community of Madrid (73). According to the report, which collected data from 15 of the 17 regions, in the regions where "barely" there are attacks of this kind not because there is a minor "issue", but that in those geographical areas "do not have adequate resources to meet the actual situation in many localities where the victims have no assurances of care appropriate".
The document also points out that this circumstance is also visible between rural areas and large cities, where there are more cases. "The smaller cities still remain, for LGBTI people, synonymous with semi-underground at having to express their sexual orientation and gender identity in the local environment, and circles more closed to avoid being identified disparagingly or to put in question the whole family", so that people who suffer from this kind of assaults are not reported and no data is logged.
Generelo believes that the main target for these attacks to be is that "the Government to pass a state law against homophobia," which protects the victims and to act in the field of prevention from the schools. "Takes a lot of time standing. The collective LGBTI we are confident that if approved, the situation would improve," says the activist.