Since the introduction in 2005, Hartz IV is controversial in the SPD, as well as in the society. In November, the party Chairman Andrea announced Nahles: "We will let Hartz IV behind us!" Now the party has drawn up a concept for the "social-state 2025". It is to be decided on Sunday, when the Board comes together for a retreat. With this Reform, the SPD wants to find out from your duration of crisis.
there was A "culture change," said Nahles in an Interview with the editor-in network in Germany. Today, the welfare state is too bureaucratic and difficult to understand. Those who refer to social services, feel yourself as a supplicant, although a legal entitlement to the benefits. Many are ashamed to go to the job center, find the conversations there demeaning. Andrea Nahles says that the state should re-occur as a "Partner" of the people – not as a controller or before Munder. Therefore, should first of all disappear once the negative Name of "Hartz IV", which stands for poverty, the most marginalized and laziness. "Citizens ' money" blade, however, after the protection of the citizen in special situations, the SPD.
Who will benefit from the concept?
Has anyone been working for many years, and in the social insurance systems, paid-up, not more should he be, in the case of unemployment for Hartz-IV recipients. So far, the ALG I is usually paid for twelve months, in women and men over 50 years, it can be up to 24 months. Nahles wants to ensure that Older people can receive unemployment benefits for up to 33 months. The German Confederation of trade unions calls for the. "The people fear greatly before slipping in Hartz IV," says the Chairman Annelie colorful Bach. "Especially for those who have worked for a long time, is unfair." In the previous System, the power that has someone day-to-day provided is not recognized, from the point of view of the DGB appropriate.
Economic experts believe that the longer withdrawal is a dangerous and misleading. Studies have shown that people stayed longer unemployed. "The step would be the Falsest of what you can do," says Holger Schäfer from the Institute of German economy (IW). It is a Signal that you could be in searching a lot of time. Karl Brenke of the German Institute for economic research criticized the proposal. The unemployed would be better placed than before the Agenda 2010 reforms: at the Time of the longest unemployment benefits claim was 32 months. "It has shortened the time, but for good reason," he said. "Companies that wanted to young employees, Older and with a severance wonderfully in retirement."
What is the Younger?
anyone Who is unemployed, and more forms to get for the time of the qualification is also an extension of unemployment benefits – the unemployment benefits Q. "In addition, we introduce a legal entitlement to training for all that are longer than three months to be unemployed," said Nahles. This could be a short-term qualification such as a forklift licence, but also a proper retraining.
What are the changes in the basic social security?
With the new citizens ' money to introduce Nahles, a transitional phase of two years, in the unemployed out of their apartment have to move out if the is found to be greater than adequate. In this time the people are to remain "relevant sanctions spared". The people need your strength to find a new Job. At the height of the rule sets you want to change anything.
Wants to abolish the SPD all of the sanctions?
Nahles wants to delete all but "meaningless sanctions". The in comparison to older adults stricter penalties included Years of you are under 25. In the case of a violation, you can be immediately deleted the entire rule set. Bernd Becking, head of the regional labour Agency, recently proposed that "two yellow cards". Generally speaking, it provides the sanction of practice, the Federal constitutional court is currently reviewing, but not out of the question. "The System works," he says. "And when young people dive without pressure, I don't have a hundred social workers, who inquired of them." According to Andrea Nahles, there will be no 100-percent-deletions. The cost of housing should be guaranteed by the state. "Sanctions have homelessness, we will abolish it," she says.
Generally speaking, there should be less pressure and more support: The contact person at the office should be more of a pilot and with other authorities, important questions, for example, whether a housing benefit claim. The unemployment would today often sent from A to B, in order to apply for the money due to them. "Everything is in Hand, but was actually the basic idea of the Hartz IV", writes Schaefer. Also, Brenke says, instead of any "companion", one should look at but rather "the structures of the Federal employment Agency".
The people should also benefit from a bonus system for training and funds in a special Emergency. "If all of a sudden the washing machine is broken and at the same time, the old winter coat is applied, we also need unique assistance," she says. The citizens money should provide for these cases of hardship own rules.
How should this be financed?
The longer unemployment benefits and qualifying measures wants Nahles of the German Federal employment Agency figures, which is financed from contributions by workers and employers. "Their coffers are full, the money is there," said Nahles. The financial cushion of the BA Scam of the year to the end of 2018, while 23.5 billion euros. The money is to serve as a Reserve for times of crisis such as in 2008/2009. In the current budget, the BA sees little room: The authority attributed to the contribution reduction of 2.5 percent of the gross wage with a Surplus of around 500 million euros. The SPD Chairman is still convinced that "The Whole is sure to fail at-the-money."
consider What the other parties?More about
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Green-chief Robert Habeck wants a "Guarantee of protection" without sanctions. The rule sets are expected to rise. In addition, the unemployed should be able to significantly retain more assets than it is today. The left party calls for a sanction-free minimum protection that must be at least 580 Euro per month (currently the rule is set for an adult 424 euros). In the Union, Hartz IV is not questioned in principle, and the principle of "promote" and "demanding". The liberals are calling for a citizens money – to be understood, but something quite different than the SPD. The idea is to bundle all tax-financed benefits, and authority to pay, in order to reduce bureaucracy. The AfD calls for an "activating security": With the increasing income of the "state support amount is to be reduced".