In the midst of the protests in Chile in October 2019, the Constitutional Convention of Chile ended its year-long work. The final text was delivered to Gabriel Boric, president of Chile, in a ceremony at Santiago's Pereira Palace. He must then call the referendum on September 4 to determine whether or not to approve the Magna Carta. Boric, who was elected in December 2013, came to power on the promise of ending the reform process.
This document seeks to replace the current one that dates back to 1980, and was written during Augusto Pinochet's dictatorship. The process, which began as a turning point in the past and a break with it has slowed down over the years. According to polls, there is not enough support for the text right now.
It all began in Santiago, October 2019. It began in Santiago in October 2019. Social reforms were especially needed to combat the social outbreak. After a congressional agreement, the demonstrations culminated in the approval of a referendum about the need to draft a new Constitution. Since July 4, 2021 the Constitutional Convention has been working to shape the text. It is composed of 155 people, 78 men and 77 ladies. They have finished their work on Monday.
This brand new document contains 388 standards, divided into 11 chapters. It is not certain that the document will be approved by the September 4th referendum. Plaza Publica Candem's survey shows that 51% of Chileans support the referendum, and only 34% would vote for it. Rest are undecided, and those who say they won't vote, despite it being mandatory. This is unlike any other electoral process in Chile - voting is voluntary in Chile.
The new Constitution seeks to end the dictatorial stage that existed between 1974 and 1990. The initiative is being rejected by the political left and a portion of the center-left sectors, which are linked to the Concertacion, Chile's dictatorial regime between 1990 and 2010, who believe that it poses a threat to democracy. The ruling party of President and his supporters are the 'yes'. The text is also supported by youth and left-wing groups.
Human rights are essential. They provide a foundation for justice, comprehensive compensation, and guarantees that the future will not repeat the mistakes of the past. It seems that the initial illusion is now more like apathy. Boric has expressed concern on several occasions about citizen disaffection in relation to this process. This is the Chilean goal.