senior citizens reside in spacious houses. Meanwhile, young families have to cope in small apartments. The apartment sizes and ownership is an imbalance between the age groups, show data of the Federal office for statistics. Half of the over 80-Year-old claimed, therefore, three or more rooms for themselves. This is very different in the young: From the 25 - to 39-Year-olds, only 13 percent have so many rooms. And in the 40 - to 54-Year-olds have four out of five people in less space.
the space requirement of The Elders has increased in the last decades: While in 1996, almost one third of three or more rooms provided, it was 2012 already more than half; more recent data should be available next year. As for the course, all other age groups is much more modest than the Oldest.
"Can you want to people whose children have left home, your home selling?", ask the SP national councillor from Zurich Jacqueline Badran . And she responds: "I don't think so." It was difficult, the difficult social tendency of the regulator to counteract. So far, there is no incentive for older people to move from their apartment into a smaller one.
on The contrary, Long term tenants pay mostly Rent is comparatively low. Anyone who rents an apartment, much pay more. "In the case of Tenant, the Rent increase is often illegal," says Badran. Here you see a starting point, such as the Situation on the real estate market more social could be: "You have to change to no law, but only the current prevail." A further possibility of correction you see at the cantonal level: In the Canton of Zurich, for instance, empty rooms do not need to be taxed. "Such a Deduction could be deleted."
That so many older people live in single-family homes, derived from the history, says Robert Weinert, head of the Swiss Immo-monitoring in the case of the globally active company Partner Wüest. Starting in the 1970s, the residential property in Switzerland has risen sharply. Large estates with multi-family homes, with condominium ownership. Many of the people now could build or buy a house, live in it. It was well understood, says Weinert. "Who has long lived in a place that is often anchored in social there and emotionally connected with it." As long as health lasts, and the property is not a burden, there is little reason for a sale. "Financially, the move is not worth it in a smaller apartment often," says Weinert. The majority of older home-owners lived very convenient: you have bought your property before the prices skyrocketed, and many were able to pay off the mortgage, at least partially. Although it could be expected, those who sold today a property with a high price. On the other hand, a smaller apartment suggest themselves rapidly with more impact than the many years of ownership. Even if many owners would have bought their property formerly as security for the evening of Life: you don't have to dispose of them thanks to the low costs and the income from the AHV and pension Fund.
The own four walls remain a dream
Many young families dream of their own four walls. A dream that is not often long in fulfilment, as the Figures of the Federal office for statistics for the year 2017 show. Four out of five people in Switzerland between the ages of 25 and 39 years and rent your apartment. In the next higher age category in the 40 - to 54-Year-olds – is not the proportion of owners with 41 per cent, twice as high, but it falls far short of the rate for older people, with Well over half of 55 - to 64-Year-old is a housing or home owner. In the 65 - to 79-Year-old life-even 55% in your own home. And even in the case of the seniors over 80 years, there is a higher percentage of home owners than among the people in old age, in the many reasons a family. The highest ownership rates are found among married couples as well as people with a University degree. Owners have preliminary because of the large proportion of single – family homes, on average, more space than tenants.
The Swiss buildings in private ownership belong to so-designate in advance the Pension. This tendency has been exacerbated in the last two decades. In the age category of 65 - to 79-Year-olds, the share of owners has increased since 1996 by more than 10 percent in the 25 - to 39-Year-old, however, he was slightly decreased.
"Today, it is due to the large demand and high prices is no longer so easy to get an apartment or a house, as in the past," admits Robert Weinert Wüest Partner. However, there are large regional differences: In each of the cities and regions of rule Setting, and elsewhere there is since – in particular, of pension funds caused the construction boom of recent years – the number of empty properties. the real estate but are expected to remain in the longer term, stable in value – because of the demographic development, on the other, because the land will be due to the stringent spatial constraints, more and more a scarce commodity. "Anyone who has the Chance to make a purchase, is benefiting from much lower mortgage interest rates than the last Generation."
to blame for the large homes of the senior citizens are in Demand and the lack of city planning. "In the past, has been built almost exclusively housing typologies for families," says Susanne Schmid, a partner at Bürgi Schärer Architekten in Bern. "Therefore, today, there is too little suitable accommodation for a single person of any age." The number of people living alone, to take strong – this is due to the demographic development, more flexible ways in the health care and nursing, as well as new ideas of living together, working, and mobility. Therefore, urgently needs to be built differently.
"In the planning of new settlements, we value a diverse Mix of uses," she says. A cheap 1½-room accommodation for a student or a pensioner should, as well as an 8-room apartment for a large household. In the case of the seniors, in turn, a need for cluster flats with encounter zones, which offer you plenty of privacy. In the settlement zones were in addition, as a Supplement to private living space, as well as, for example, shopping, a daycare center or a home care.
is Ideal, if there is also a community room with kitchen that can be be for the or for festivals. As well as a so-called Joker rooms with a private wet cell and, at most, a small kitchen, which can flexibly be booked, when the son after the world is in need of travel for a short time to Stay, or the grandmother comes longer visit. "The number of rooms, the overall trend is reducing, because the private living space, with the flexibility to expand." The same thing also works with collaborative work spaces or Co-Working spaces.
"Such neighborhoods are attractive to Young and Old, because here comes the multi-generation living into the game," says Schmid, who is working on a book-community Living, which will be released in the autumn of the Birkhäuser Verlag. She says: "Perhaps this rich environment, motivate older people to move from the obsolete and poor infrastructure house district tackle." (Editorial Tamedia)
Created: 10.05.2019, 07:17 PM