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Xenobot, the first robot in the living fact with cells
You call Xenobot, are made of living cells and have been programmed with a supercomputer to administer medications, clean up the oceans from micro plastics, or the arteries. It is "a new class of artifacts: a living organism, a programmable," explains Joshua Bongard , computer scientist and expert in robotics at the University of Vermont (Usa) which he co-led with Michael Levin the research, published in Pnas.

The cells that animate them come from frog embryos. The result is that the xenobot slide rule that you can move towards a target, maybe even pick up a payload (like a medicine that must be transported at a specific point within a patient), and repair itself after a cut.

To understand what you're talking about, the experts are a few examples. A book is made of wood, but it is not a tree, show. So the xenobot are "new machines," says Bongard. "I am not a robot traditional, or a known species of animals". Are 100% the DNA of the frog, but they are not frogs. The new creatures are designed on a supercomputer at the university of Vermont and then assembled and tested by biologists at Tufts University.

"We can define them as living robots, or of multicellular organisms, and artificial, because they perform functions different from natural ones," explains Antonio De Simone, professor at the institute of Biorobotics of the Scuola Superiore Sant'anna of Pisa. And for the first time, reads in the study, which are designed of completely organic from scratch.

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