While Burkina Faso has been combating a five-year Islamic insurgency linked to al-Qaida along with the Islamic State that's killed thousands and displaced over one million individuals, it is also hosting over 22,000 refugees, nearly all Malian.
"The fact remains that we are not doing half of what we could and should... to enable refugees to come back home, or to support host countries, such as Burkina Faso, coping for years using a fraction of the humanitarian help needed to provide basic support and protection," Jolie explained.
As Special Envoy to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Jolie marked World Refugee Day on Sunday at Burkina Faso's Goudoubo refugee camp in the Sahel, where she finished a two-day trip. She spoke with the camp Malian refugees and internally displaced people in the country's hard-hit Center-North and Sahel regions.
Malians began visiting Burkina Faso in 2012 after their lives were upended by an Islamic insurgency, where it took a French-led military intervention to recover power in many major cities. The fighting has since spread throughout the border to Burkina Faso, creating the fastest growing displacement crisis in the world. Last month Burkina Faso experienced its deadliest assault in years, when gunmen killed at least 132 civilians in Solhan village in the Sahel's Yagha province, displacing tens of thousands.
The rising attacks are stretching the U.N.'s ability to respond to displaced people within the nation in addition to the refugees it is hosting.
The attacks are also exacerbating issues for refugees who reached the nation seeking security.
"We insisted on staying (in Burkina Faso), (but) we stay with fear. We're too scared," explained Fadimata Mohamed Ali Wallet, a Malian refugee residing in the camp. "Today there is not a country where there isn't a problem. This (terrorism) problem covers most of Africa," she explained.