The road transport in the domestic, the heavy traffic is at the highest level. 10.7 billion tonne-kilometres were 2018 hazards, such as the Federal statistical office (BFS) on Tuesday.
One tonne-kilometre represents the transport of one Tonne over one kilometre away. The internal heavy traffic on the road increased to 2017 by 4.7 percent. According to BFS, there were since 20 years, no such strong increase in more. An important driver of growth in the economy. Gross domestic product grew in 2018 to above-average 2.8 percent.
The entire transport capacity on the Swiss road and rail network amounted to 27.9 billion tonne-kilometres, 2.1 percent more than in the previous year. The transit traffic is included. Also, overall, the growth of the road is greater than on the Track: The truck transport increased by 2.5 per cent, rail transport by 1.4 per cent.
rail loses market share
The share of Rail in the total transport performance was in 2018, unchanged at 37 per cent, of those of the street at 63 percent. The train was not able to make the 2017 suffered losses. According to the BFS, the market share of rail in a European comparison, however, high. The average for the 28 EU countries is around 18 percent. In Spain, for example, the freight traffic is handled almost exclusively on the road.
The BSF notes, however, that the two modes of transport are primarily in competition. Road and Rail complement each other is in the message. The fine distribution of Goods could be due to the transport infrastructure in the majority of cases, only on the streets. The Rail offer, especially in the case of longer transport because of the advantages.
as a result of This, that trucks about to cope with two-thirds of the freight transport in Germany, while in international traffic with 75 percent dominated. Also, the medium transport distances in rail freight transport is significantly greater than on the road: During 2018 transportation on the Swiss rail network average of about 171 km, it was on the road, only 49 kilometers.
The good news for the environmental , that the trucks and semi-trailers are always more environmentally friendly. The proportion of vehicles in the highest emission class Euro 6 fraud last year, 57 percent. The Euro 5 vehicles make up 36 percent.
In the Wake of the ongoing tightening of exhaust gas regulations have reduced the emissions of air pollutants from heavy goods vehicles in the last few decades, writes the BFS. Nitrogen oxide emissions decreased between 1990 and 2017 to 77 percent, particulate matter emissions by 92 percent.
The CO2 has increased between 1990 and 2017 to 7 percent. The greenhouse gas is excluded in the case of heavy goods vehicles from the emission standards.
Created: 19.11.2019, 11:05 PM