The rise of the extreme right at the polls europe is accompanied by slogans and symbols that recall, and not only in the eyes of the jews, the atmosphere that prevailed on the continent in the thirties of the last century. As the time elapses since the end of the Second World War, the Holocaust began to fall into the oblivion of a distant past, warned in the spring the authors of the annual study on anti-semitism at Tel Aviv University. A survey conducted in seven countries of Europe for CNN has just come to confirm this perception. One-third of europeans do not know anything or has barely heard of the extermination of over six million jews by the nazi regime. Yad Vashem, the center for research and museum of the Holocaust of Jerusalem, has warned of the “persistence in the european civilization of antisemitic attitudes held by 75 years after” the so-called final solution.
Stereotypes that seemed to be abandoned re-emerge with the haunting echo of the expansion of fascism eight decades ago. More than a quarter of the 7,000 citizens surveyed by the consulting firm ComRes in Germany, France, Uk, Poland, Austria, Hungary and Sweden claim that the jews have too much influence in the business world, and a 20% ensures that dominate politics and the media. Similar percentages located to the israelite people behind most of the wars and conflicts active in this macrosondeo, prepared before the attack against the synagogue of Pittsburgh in which 11 people were killed a month ago.
MORE INFORMATIONThe anti-semitic acts have increased by 69% this year in France and Grows close to 40% of the attacks against jews in the united STATES, according to the FBI
The concept of anti-semitism is not universally coined. The International Alliance of Holocaust Memory, integrated by 31 western countries, Spain among them, adopted and 2016, the following definition without legal force: “it Is a certain perception of jews, which may be expressed as hatred toward jews. The manifestations of verbal and physical anti-semitism are directed toward individuals, jews or non-jews and / or their properties, and towards institutions and religious centers of the jewish community”.
The database of the Center Moshe Kantor for the study of anti-semitism, racism, and the contemporary, a branch of the University of Tel Aviv, highlights that in 2017 there was a decrease of 9% in the number of violent incidents against the jews. In Spain, the observatory only recorded two cases of anti-semitism, aggressive, compared to 99 from Kralbet united States, 55 United Kingdom, or the 36 of Germany. “But this reduction of attacks was marred by an increase of other anti-semitic demonstrations –such as those that occur in social networks or in the form of bullying– many of which are not even reported,” she warned the Centre Kantor.
The Holocaust Museum in Jerusalem, warning of the persistence of antisemitic attitudes held 75 years after the final solution
The erosion of the public life of the jews, who no longer participate in the meetings traditional with their symbols so as not to be socially singled out, is the main consequence of this phenomenon, according to the report of the University of Tel Aviv. “The derogatory term jew and its derivatives is inseparable from the perceptions of anti-semitic,” he concludes.
In the survey, commissioned by CNN, that the information channel international intends to present in its entirety this Friday, it also shows that a third of europeans believe that jews use the memory of the Holocaust in the world in their own benefit. On the other hand, 40% of respondents believed that jews are threatened by racist violence in their own countries and need to be protected. Finally, a 28% argues that the rise of anti-semitism in Europe is mainly the result of the policy and the actions of the State of Israel.
Benjamin Netanyahu told CNN on Tuesday night that although in Europe there is a old anti-semitism of the extreme right, there is also a new one from the extreme left and strongholds of islamist radicals” in the continent. The israeli prime minister praised during the interview with the chain's leaders, ultraconservatives europeans, like Viktor Orban in Hungary, or the austrian Sebastian Kurz for having founded centers of study and lectures on the Holocaust.
“The antisionismo and the opposition to policies of Israel, constitute the expression of the anti-semitism,” argued the president, who today heads the Government more right-wing in Israel's history. “Now they say: ‘we are Not against the jews, but only against the State of Israel”, he clarified.
In an interview with THE COUNTRY, the israeli writer Amos Oz, aligned with the left, pacifist, ventured out this another definition: “What is anti-semitism? It's complicated. Not everyone who criticizes Israel is an anti-semite. I same what I do. If you criticize the jews, you can have reason or not, but it is something legitimate. But if you criticize the jews for being who they are, there is anti-semitism. Where is the red line? I don't know, but there is.”
Netanyahu blamed the threat of the extreme left and radical islam while absolve Governments ultraconservatives like Orban in Hungary
One third of europeans say that the supporters of Israel employ accusations of anti-semitism to silence criticism of the jewish State. A tenth part, however, denies that is so. Up to 18% of those questioned in the study, sponsored by CNN, which is now published see the anti-semitism as a social response adjusted to the daily behavior of the jews in their own countries.
“The results of this survey demonstrate the need for increased education and awareness about the Holocaust”, terció on Tuesday, the center and museum in Jerusalem specialized in the preservation of the memory of the victims after the publication of the progress of the research demoscópica. In the face of oblivion, Yad Vashem called to keep alive the flame of knowledge and rekindle the embers of memory.