Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlewi was with his wife, Farah, in Aswan, on the Nile sail, seemingly carefree. Officially, the ruler of Persia was broken up in these days, 40 years ago, to a holiday trip. On the peacock throne, but he should never return. It was the end of a 37-year-long reign, as well as 2500 years of monarchy – and at the same time, a key event in the middle Eastern Upheaval in 1979, which still is today, as well as the peace agreement between Israel and Egypt, the occupation of the Great mosque in Mekkaund the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan.
At the 2. February 1979 returned to the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini from the forced exile in Paris to Tehran, is acclaimed by millions. The Islamic Revolution had triumphed. The Regime celebrates the anniversary now, as proof that the God of the state is willed by God, as a perpetual victory against the United States, which it had not managed to dominate Iran again, as in the days of the Shah.
However, although the Islamic Republic has become, in an often hostile Region to the Zenith of their Power, ironically, it is also thanks to the United States and its Invasion in Iraq in 2003, in the deepest crisis of its existence. In 1979 in Iran all the rage as a cipher for the roll-over. The Parallels are obvious and the Ruling conscious.
Video: protests in Iran are calling for more victims In the case of the protests in Iran, there were Dead and wounded (January 2018). Video: Tamedia/Storyful
The fall of the Shah preceded by strikes and protests from different political groups, which were only in the rejection of authoritarian rule and corruption, agreed. For a year people in many places in Iran are back on the road. You do not see the reasons for the economic crisis – such as the Propaganda – in of US President Donald Trump re-imposed sanctions, but in the mismanagement of the regime and the corruption. You don't demand to spend the oil billions to support Bashar al-Assad's regime in Syria, the Houthis in Yemen, Hizbullah or Hamas, for the Export of the Revolution or the religious foundations in the sphere of power of the Supreme leader Ali Khamenei. You want to conditions better life.
The faith-based ideology, the ritual Anti-Americanism, the slogans against the West and Israel feel that even many believers as empty as once the self-congratulation of the Emperor. The Regime is difficult, the flame of Revolution to the generations that have not experienced the identity-forming events in the Islamic Republic, such as the occupation of the U.S. Embassy or the eight-year war against the then Western-supported Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein. Many Iranians in 1979 was the Shah's powered secularization and Westernization too far, you can find today in any other Muslim country in the Region, so many of the Young, oriented on the West, as secular, as in Iran. What was at the time the ban on the head scarf, is now the compulsion for all women to wear it.
Also, the inability to deal with the dissatisfaction of dealing, shows Similarities. The Shah took refuge in fatalism, entrenched the current clique of Power behind a supposed divine order. The methods are the same: repression of all political Opposition. Here, the security apparatus of the Mullahs is as brutal as it is, the secret police Savak of the Shah.
The system in question, but at the latest when the 30 years of ruling, the 79-year-old Supreme leader Ali dies Khamenei.
What 1979 is fundamentally different from 2019, is the Lack of a charismatic leader such as Khomeini. In spite of some nostalgia is only a few wishing for a return to the monarchy, or living in the USA throne Reza Pahlewi heirs. No restraint has the exile opposition the people's mujahedin, which has in the Trump government on well-known supporters.
Barely disguised calls from Washington for regime change and the attempt to promote him by economic sanctions, many Iranians are critical. Of foreign intervention, most of the Iranians out of suffering have full experience enough – the CIA had orchestrated the coup that brought the Shah in 1954, back to Power. And little they fear more than a crash of your ethnically and religiously diverse country into Chaos and civil war.
The system in question, but at the latest when the 30 years of ruling, the 79-year-old Supreme leader Ali dies Khamenei. The strongest Institution of the Islamic Republic of the revolutionary guards control key sectors of the economy, the armament programs and the expansionist regional policy. Certainly The Shah to be high-spec military is not saved. But the revolutionary guards give the Power of the Hand, in the light of their own interests is a naive idea.
Created: 17.01.2019, 18:58 PM