Turkey welcomes 3.6 million refugees from syria. But of these, only a small proportion live in camps set up also with the money of the european Union. And the other?
"The others are those that we call "urban refugees" although do not live necessarily in the city, but on the whole Turkish territory, and then also in the countryside. Their situation has improved over the years, because now many of them work or can study by attending the university. For the other syrians, what worries is that, despite the solidarity shown by the neighbouring Countries, most of them, i.e., 83%, lives below the poverty line. The other disquieting aspect is that many children do not go to school, which is seriously jeopardizing the investment on the future and make it even more difficult to rebuild Syria".
SURVIVE the SUBZERO: THE CAMPAIGN UNHCR
Ankara fears the arrival of other refugees, those who are now living in desperate conditions in Idlib, the last province in the hands of the revolt, where the offensive of the regime backed by the hunting of Moscow has recently caused the displacement of about 960mila people. There are those who speak of the worst humanitarian crisis since the war, with children who die of hunger and cold.
"Yes, children have died of cold and now, with the humanitarian emergency will continue in time, are occurring more and more numerous cases of malnutrition. For this a few days ago we asked that at least the people who are most in need of care are being let go in Turkey. Of the 960 thousand of displaced persons in Idlib there are living in tents and that we were able to deploy in the last few weeks, but for the most part he is placed in abandoned farms or buildings bombed, that were already occupied by other refugees. As the days passed, the situation gets worse, because now the scarce means of subsistence. Now, 4 out of 5 of these people are either women or children."
Lebanon, with a population of 4.5 million people, is home to 1.5 million refugees, of whom less than a million is registered at your agency. Even there, the majority of syrians living in a condition very precarious.
"Yes, because even in Lebanon, most syrian refugees not living in camps. We try to help them with what we call cash assistance, i.e. with small amounts of money with which to rent a place to live and buy food. But in Lebanon, the health system is almost all in private hands, so for the very poor, the refugees from syria becomes really very difficult to ensure a decent existence for themselves and their family.
then There are those who try to reach Europe. And maybe end up parked in Lesvos. What you should do to alleviate the suffering of those fleeing from the war he finds himself in the overcrowded camp, full of mice and where they serve only one meal a day?
"In Lesvos there are 36 thousand refugees in a camp equipped to accommodate less than 5 thousand. For months, we ask you to transfer 20 thousand people on the mainland, where they could be arranged in a dignified manner, and where there would also be the possibility to accommodate them in apartments. Unfortunately you can't find the political will to manage with reason and humanity with a border like that by: ensuring that a regular flow of people and accelerating the procedures for requesting asylum, and not, as he has instead decided to Greece, to suspend them for the newcomers. Another solution was to transfer the refugees in the various european Countries, but has been discarded".
But there is the willingness on the part of nations to help this other slice of suffering humanity?
"In 2019, we asked the staff of safe Countries for the 1.2 million refugees, who are the most vulnerable among the 25 million refugees in the planetary. Well, the whole international community, we have received an opening for just 55 thousand places. To resolve situations such as that dramatic of Lesbos you have to open the secure channels and are managed by States in a consistent and structured".
How complicated your work is the fact that in the war in Syria are involved in the armies of several Countries: syrian, Russian, Turkish, iranian and lebanese Hezbollah?
"In Idlib our interventions are limited for obvious security reasons. At this moment there is a cease-fire that makes it easier to work, but the humanitarian activities in that area is still heavily conditioned by the fact that there are many actors in open conflict between them."
how Many refugees from syria return home, the day that the war will end?
"Every time I met a refugee all I have always said, want to return as soon as possible in Syria. It is a desire deeply rooted in the diaspora syrian".
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