talking about children who are at risk of being killed or maimed, recruited, kidnapped, sexually abused, to see their schools attacked or of being left without aid: 415 million all over the world. One in five live in areas affected by conflict, among these, 149 million are in areas of high-intensity war of violence.
There are areas more risky. Seem far away, are not. The highest number of children living in conflict zones in Africa (170 million), while the Middle East registers the higher density (third child). Afghanistan, Iraq, Mali, Nigeria, Central african Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Somalia, South Sudan, Syria and Yemen remain in the ten countries which witnessed the greatest number of grave violations on children.
Syria is particularly dangerous: 99% of children live in areas exposed to the conflict with a high number of serious violations. And the war is worsening in Afghanistan, Somalia and Nigeria, which respectively have the largest number of killings and mutilations, sexual violence, recruitment and use of children by armed forces or armed groups.
The denunciation contained in the third report of Save the Children, titled Stop the war on Children - Gender matters has been launched in the campaign to Stop the war on children, in view of the Munich Conference, where world leaders will gather to discuss international security issues.
more THAN 10 thousand CHILDREN KILLED at Least 12.125 children have been killed or wounded by violence linked to the conflict in only in 2018, an increase of 13% compared to the total reported in the previous year, with Afghanistan which is the most dangerous country. Also the number of attacks reported to schools and hospitals is increased to 1.892, with an increase of 32% compared to the previous year. Between 2005 and the end of 2018, are 20 thousand cases occurred of sexual violence against children. It is believed that this number is only the tip of the iceberg, because sexual violence is greatly underestimated. "It's mind-boggling that the world is watching," said Filippo Ungaro, Director of Campaigns for Save the Children.
VIOLATIONS AND GENDER DIFFERENCES boys are more likely to be exposed to killings and mutilations, abductions and recruitment, while the girls run a much higher risk of sexual violence and other gender, including early marriage and forced. Of all the ascertained cases of murders and mutilations, 44% were children, 17% were girls. The guys are also more vulnerable to recruitment by armed forces or armed groups. If the estimates on children enrolled for a fight to speak of an army of about 300 thousand children, from the report shows that in 2018, have been observed in more than 7 thousand children, the majority in Somalia (2.300) and in Nigeria (1.947). They were often abducted and used as fighters, forced to become human shields, sexually abused and exploited, used to transport explosives or like kamikaze. A good part of those who are recruited in the armed groups do so voluntarily, in the absence of educational opportunity or in cases of need, even just for the chance to get some food or a place to stay. On confirmed cases, 84% involved boys and 11% girls. SEXUAL VIOLENCE sexual violence and rape are common during the conflict. The last report of the Secretary-General of the united nations, of 2019 speaks of 933 cases occurred; of these, 83% were violence against girls and only 1.5% involved boys. It is estimated that every year 12 million girls are forced to marry before the age of majority. "We ask that the governments and the parties in conflict to take responsibility of the crimes committed to the detriment of the minor and that the international community is committed to build plans of action that can ensure their physical and psychological recovery," concludes Filippo Ungaro.
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