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Migrants, Europe is back on the field with Irini: the mission that will ensure the embargo of weapons to Libya
the BRUSSELS the governments of The Union reach an agreement on Irini, the naval mission of the european, which from April will replace Sophia in order to ensure the embargo of weapons to Libya. It took months of negotiations and clashes between the governments before that Greece pulled out from the embarrassment of the partners, and would facilitate the understanding: all migrants saved from the vessels of the military to the twelve stars will be landed in the ports of Hellas, unless some Country does not offer voluntary. Therefore, to stop the landings in Italy, landing only of Sophia. The command, however, remains in the hands of the tricolour, with Rome confirmed operational center of the mission.

The agreement was reached in Brussels by the ambassadors of the Twenty-seven and will be operational by the first of April. Irini, the name chosen by the greeks, it will count on several military ships with air cover, satellite and drones. The mission will be shifted to the East compared to Sophia: no more in Channel of Sicily, but in the waters between Egypt and Crete, with their eyes fixed on Cyrenaica. The rescue of the migrants does not enter in the mandate of the shipment, but if the Eu vessels will cross the barges of course, they should save those who risk their lives in conformity with international law. The new quadrant selected for the mission, however, should make the number of people to be rescued. At least this is what predict (and hope) governments.

Those who will be saved, will be landed in Greece and from time to time redistributed among the Countries that voluntarily give. In addition, the operational area of Irini will be moved if you were to check an effect of the pull factor, that is, if the presence of the military ships were to increase the traffic of boats in that stretch of sea in the hope of rescue and transport to Europe. Italy has made to attach to the mandate of the Irini a declaration which informs the partners that due to the emergency coronavirus, at least until the next review of the mission, in four months, does not offer ports for the landing as an alternative to the greeks and not participate in the redistribution of migrants.

Athens, already in difficulty for the number of syrian refugees landed on its shores after the opening of the borders, the Turkish decreed by the Turkish government, accept the additional weight that will be compensated financially by Europe, which will pay the expenses related to landings and to the migrants. Greece has preferred to take charge of the other refugees even have a fleet in the Eu in front of its waters, a way to control the movements of the vessels Turkish military, whose activities in the eastern part of the Mediterranean in the last few months have made the tension rise between the two neighbors.

The mission provides the possibility to extend the monitoring to the land borders of Libya, with the Eu staff on the ground, but only if there will be a request of the local authorities. Difficult that at this moment Haftar and Serraj find an agreement in this sense. And this seems to be the Achilles heel of the mission. The advantage, however, is that Europe finds a minimum of cohesion and starts to monitor Libya also with the activities of the intelligence shared with the new deployment of ships. Last year, in fact, Salvini had required the partners to bring back the vessels of Sophia, although not to disembark migrants rescued from his boats. Choice disputed, as the numbers were small and that, picking up the boats to the twelve stars at the time of the escalation between the factions of libya, the Union has found fully discovered in the Mediterranean and without a common umbrella on Libya. Now with Irini Europe is back on the field.

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