will be discussed If the General Public about Tracking, so about how individual people are on their way through the Internet, is lagging behind this discussion is the reality, Frederike Kaltheuner. She has worked with Privacy International, an Organisation for digital civil rights and the maintaining of privacy in the network.
Because while the General Public through Web browsers and about Cookies discuss technologies from the 90s and early 2000s, will overlook the Tracking through Apps often. The way should be collected, how data about users, "three steps further".
this year's Hacker Congress of the Chaos Computer club Kaltheuner of Privacy International presented a new report. 34 of the Apps analysed the Organisation to determine whether data will be sent to Facebook. Apps include, among other things, the music service Spotify, the game Candy Crush and Skyscanner, an App, with the flights to find.
The report shows that a large portion of these Apps send data to Facebook, as soon as the App is opened, even if the Person does not have a Facebook Account.
woman Kaltheuner, what the Problem is, if Apps are used for Tracking?
Kaltheuner: We use our mobile phone constantly, several hours a day. If a company can keep track of which Apps we have downloaded, and how we use it, gets you a good insight into our personal interests. This engages the right to privacy.
researchers at the University of Oxford have analysed one Million Apps and were able to show that many of them share data with third parties, including surprisingly often large corporations, like Google and Facebook. There are thousands of Tracking companies, we know all, but 90 percent of all Apps were programmed so that data could be shared with the Alphabet, so Google exist. Nearly 43 percent of all the Apps, the data could go to Facebook.
If Google is by far the 1st place, why did they then analyzed Facebook?
Because we wanted to know whether it is possible to escape, at least this group.Therefore, we analyzed only whether data will also be sent to Facebook, if you have no account. The Oxford study has examined whether the Apps would allow technically to send data to Google and Facebook. We wanted to know if this happens to you then. So, we have analysed the data streams; the data will be sent as soon as you open the App.
you have studied 34 Apps in more detail. What are the criteria you have selected these Apps?
We have sorted the Apps, for example, according to the Size. With this study, statements that relate to hundreds of millions of people. In addition, we have selected those categories, at least in name, very personal interests. Apps prayer times for Muslims are displayed, in which it comes to physical health, or a two-period calendar for women.
send data to Facebook?
Yes, in almost two-thirds of all cases. Hardly the App is opened, data in Facebook. Be sent information that the App has been opened and closed, to which App it is and also a Google advertising ID. So a number that can be allocated for advertising purposes. The are personal data. There are a number of Apps that share much more detailed data. With Skyscanner, or Kayak trips you can book. There are many interactions are shared, for example, from which city you fly and what the goal is, whether you have children and whether you are flying Business Class. These searches were divided.
these are very specific information.
Facebook has two billion users. Facebook has already over incredibly a lot of data about incredibly many people. It is a matter of concern that the group can come up with millions of Apps and websites to data of users that are not logged in to Facebook.
Facebook provides the developer a duty. These must obtain the permission of the users before data is sent.
Correctly, Apps have the responsibility to protect the privacy of its users. This is the Position of Facebook. But Facebook is allowed to pass on the responsibility or the group does not bear a responsibility?
in Addition, some developers have complained that the data to be sent, before there is ever the possibility to the user to ask for permission. Since Facebook has released but in the meantime, an Update. That was in June, weeks after the entry into force of the General data protection regulation. Users must, in any case, the possibility of data disclosure agree.
exactly How Facebook uses information about Non-users?
We have analyzed which data are shared, but can not know, of course, how it is used. Facebook builds in a Tool that it should also make it easier for users to make use of their data rights. This is long overdue, and we hope very much that Facebook gives really easy access to all personal data.
What is the Use of the App provider to have at all, if you submit data to Facebook?
Facebook offers App developers the ability to send data to Facebook. A Muslim prayer App has told us, for example, that you want to allow your users to prayer times to share on Facebook with your friends. There is, therefore, quite legitimate reasons why Apps data with any third parties, including Facebook. The only question is, how transparent users will be told what data is sent and whether users would be appropriate where there is a genuine choice is on offer, not to agree.
you have submitted to Facebook, the results of their study. What has been the reaction of the group?
Facebook likes to stress that this type of data collection is widely used, and also companies such as Amazon, Twitter and Microsoft to gather data outside of their platforms. That's true.
but There is no law of nature that says that every Website and every App we use to share data with third parties, but this is the result of a development of the last years. Apps and websites you want to advertise and understand how your users move around your pages. But this can also be done in a fair and transparent manner.
Until then: you Can fight back as a user against a data transfer?
It is incredibly difficult to protect against the kind of Tracking that we have described in our report. But there are things you should do nevertheless. If you operating system has a phone with Android, can you ad the ID to change. This is also on iOS. This gets you a new advertising profile. You can't delete the ID. You should disable in addition, personalized advertising. (Editorial Tamedia)
Created: 31.12.2018, 13:03 PM