"In the future, tax based on distance driven in passenger cars become a reality. The aim is to reduce the emissions and noise – but also to bring in new tax revenue when more people are choosing electric cars.n– the minister of Finance will wake up the day the tax revenue reduces, and wonder, ”what do we do now?”, says Anders Roth at IVL Swedish environmental research institute."
"Plans to introduce a tax based on distance driven for heavy transport applications, has been debated extensively in recent years, however, no sharp proposal is currently not."
"But now, the question here is whether to introduce a tax based on distance driven, even for passenger cars. It is the Swedish energy agency, which provided research support to the IVL Swedish Environmental research institute and Chalmers university of technology to investigate the effects of such a measure."
"One of the main reasons is that today's fuel tax disadvantage to driving in sparsely populated areas," says Anders Roth, project manager and expert on sustainable mobility at IVL."
" We know that the socio-economic costs of congestion, noise and emissions differ if you are running in urban areas versus rural areas. It should be more expensive to drive a car in the city, " he says."
"For the greatest effect would a tax based on distance driven could be designed with variable costs depending on the time of day you run."
"– So you constantly get a message that ”when you run at this time is the worse out of the congestion and luftkvalitetsynpunkt and more expensive than at a different time”. In this way, would you be able to encourage the ”legal tax evasion”, says Anders Roth."
"Fewer tanks of gasoline and diesel"
"But to reduce emissions and congestion is far from the sole purpose of investigating a tax based on distance driven. After all, more are expected to drive electric cars in the future risk of state tax revenues decrease by tens of billions of crowns, because fewer tanks of gasoline and diesel."
"– the minister of Finance will wake up the day the tax revenue reduces, and wonder, ”what do we do now?”. The case we are planning for it already now, so as not to elbilsutvecklingen stop because we lose too much tax revenue, " says Anders Roth."
"So it will be more expensive to run the electric car?"
" It's not our main focus, but even electric cars need to cover their costs of congestion and noise. The transition to electric cars can not only build on the massive subsidies as in Norway. If electric cars become so cheap to own, we will run the car, which takes elbilarnas other positive effects, " he says."
"the Investigation of a possible tax based on distance driven for passenger cars shall be designed to be completed in about two years. But it will take considerably longer before the tax can become a reality, if you believe Anders Roth."
"– In the long term, we see few options, but I think it may take 10-15 years before a tax based on distance driven may be introduced."