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How climate change shapes the Marathon

money leads to the runner's luck: Around 80 per cent of the 60'000 Approved for the largest Marathon in the world-won access via one of the many international partners of the organizers. Including 600 Swiss, who started on Sunday in New York. 15 percent came in by means of Los, the Rest on the basis of fast best.

Now, the beam power of the industry leader could increase from a unexpected reason: the warming of the climate. Because always on the first Sunday in November, held, guaranteed the running through the five boroughs of New York city in the relatively moderate temperatures (see Box).

And before the Amateur athletes that's why should care whether you have really is the fastest Shoe on the foot, or the most efficient carbohydrate drink use: do you Want to improve your best time, you should deal first with the temperature of the competition Area.

a Little makes a lot of

a relatively small difference in degrees can slow down the runner or the runner solid. According to a recent, huge numbers analysis of the Running and enjoyment of the Runrepeat on the basis of 19.6 million results in around 30'000 Marathons, the following applies: Per of 1.7 additional degree, the marathon time increases to 85 seconds. The Basis for the increase in the "ideal" temperature that is 5 to 6 degrees is formed.

Therefore, the 5-degree has been increased, the runners at the Chicago Marathon over the past 18 years, learned much on your time. In Chicago always takes place at the end of October.

According to the few Marathons in the late fall or late winter for best times for hunters with warmer temperatures becoming more and more interesting and the Chance to have a best time in principle, the smaller, the more the earth warms.

The tolerance of the Best

That temperature knowledgeable travel fast runner that's why now, like far – Tokyo will be held as an example in February, and a large environmental footprint of the produce, to the contradictions of the running scene.

Because runners react differently to influences such as the temperature, apply only the above-mentioned rule of 85 seconds per additional 1.7 degrees as a guide. What I can say: The trained a runner is, the lower is the temperature factor.

According to a study by the Chicago University by 2017, a temperature difference of 5 degrees (7 to 12) in the case of top athletes does not affect the time – but in the case of Amateur athletes. Only in the case of an increase beyond approximately 16 degrees, also an elite runner fines. This statistical statement is consistent with the weather data of the world record of Eliud Kipchoge When he on 16. September 2018 in Berlin at 9.15 PM started, mass it is 14 degrees. 2:01,39 hours later, ruled 18 degrees.

another reason is assigned to a light-weight, like Kipchoge, with its approx 54 kg in comparison with a heavier runner before: Easy to produce and store less heat at the race as a Great. As a result, you can run faster or further, before you overheat. Means the following: The average runner is superior at warmer temperatures than the average runner in this essential aspect.

The crash in Chicago

Higher up to high temperatures, but far more than just slower end times: The OK of the Chicago marathon had to stop the run twelve years ago, after three hours, because with increasing humidity and heat of around 30 degrees, hundreds of runners collapsed.

Recently, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) to relocate the Olympic marathon next August in Tokyo to Sapporo decided otherwise self-acclimated athletes with the expected extreme conditions – temperatures may be beyond 30 degrees, high humidity, barely a shadow life is in danger.

The final proof of this is the women's Marathon was for the IOC in the world Cup recently in Qatar: Just 40 of the 69 participants came to the finish. Many of them remembered completely dried to shriveled mummies.

Created: 03.11.2019, 16:00 clock

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