The relative level of youth unemployment is high in Sweden compared to many other countries. And it has increased over the period of time over the last few decades.
there is, However, the young adults are engaged in voluntary associations have a much better chance in the labour market.
Among the 20 to 24 year-olds who are not in any of the non-profit organization, the unemployment rate is twice as high as that of those who are active in one or more of the compounds.
Build up the social capital available for according to research by Peter Gladoić Håkansson, phd in economic history at Malmö University, is behind it.
– the Reason is that you are in, there are many associations and links to contacts and to build up what we call social capital. The networks, the commitment to an association can mean the contacts that lead to jobs, " says Peter Håkansson.
Figures from the employment agency show that about 60 per cent of those discharged from the public employment service has been given a job by using informal channels and contacts.
After the financial crisis of the early 1990s, we entered into a new era where an increasing number of jobs mediated through informal contacts. It seems to me that the very nätverksrekrytering has become increasingly important in keeping pace with the growing digitization of our society.it is Important to know the right people,
Peter håkansson's research shows that the proportion of the jobbrekryteringar through the network increases during times of recession, such as, for example, in the context of the financial crisis in 2008.
do you Know why this is so?
" We don't know, but there are hypotheses and theories. As the competition for each job will be higher, it seems to be even more important to know the right people. In the case of high unemployment, there are often more applications for each job, " says Peter Håkansson, who continues:
For the employer, it is a very expensive process to go through all of the applications, as can be seen in a traditional employment ad, and to conduct interviews with many of them. It is less costly to recruit more slender, and the networks are of greater importance. There is a logical explanation for it.
To be so active young people to be more successful in the labour market would be to have more explanation than just that they have more contacts.
what do you think about the hypothesis that young adults who had been raised in the sports club may have acquired the social skills that will make them more employable?
you definitely have to think about him. It is a speculation, which I also have. When I did a follow up on my investigation, I talked, among other things, with the people in the game. They told me when they went from the juniorlaget to the senior team, playing with only the young of the same age to all of a sudden be in a completely different environment, with people who have a family and children. The young players were a little bit out of life's school.
NOTE: : the relative youth unemployment rate refers to the rate of unemployment among persons in the age group of 20-24 years, as compared with the rate of unemployment between the ages of 25 and 64 years of age. When you talk about ”the high rate of youth unemployment in Sweden, this does not necessarily mean that a greater proportion of young people in Sweden are unemployed than young people in other european countries. But it does mean that young people are disadvantaged relative to adults in the labour market here.