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30 years after the fall of the wall is a German football still shared

It is telling that the German world CUP squad this summer contained only a single player from east Germany – Toni Kroos.

Kroos was born in Greifswald in the state of Mecklenburg-western Pomerania, situated at the Baltic sea coast.

Not counting RB Leipzig, it is also telling that the Bundesliga is not included a single team from the former GDR since 2009, when Energie Cottbus went out.

the same year, when the austrian Red Bull billionaire Dietrich Mateschitz stepped in and opened a German branch in their sportimperium.

Mateschitz bought förortslaget SSV Markranstädt, who played in the fifth division, for sek 3.5 million. More than a billion dollars was invested, and seven years later it reached RB Leipzig in the Bundesliga.

But Mateschitz was superkapitalisten from the west, which had the backpack filled with a stagnant economy and difficult connections to the Stasi and the old communist regime. He was able to build the RB Leipzig from scratch.

The big clubs from the GDR era could not, however, deal with the fact that two completely different political and economic systems were met. A conversion as it will probably take at least a generation to deal with.

the per capita GDP in the former GDR since 1995 fixed at 75 per cent of the western average. More than two million people have left eastern Germany after the reunification, the majority of young labour force.

. At De Kuip in Rotterdam lifted the team captain Manfred Zapf cup winners ' cup against the sky since 1.FC Magdeburg defeated the mighty Milan in the final 2-0.

Milan's Karl-Heinz Schnellinger in close combat with The Detlef Raugust and Wolfgang Seguin in the cupvinnarcupfinalen 1974. Photo: imago sport

And there would be more.

June 22, 1974, a crowded (60 200) including chicken burgers in Hamburg. DDR defeated the host nation Germany 1-0 in the decisive group match in the world CUP.

Jürgen Sparwasser, from Magdeburg, was the acclaimed matchvinnaren in the political prestigemötet.

The communist regime of the Deutsche Demokratische Republik had tailwind. Hefty tailwind.

Now, won while west Germany in the world CUP two weeks later. But no one could take away from the Erich Honecker-controlled propaganda machine, that the DDR was the only nation that defeated the capitalist neighbor to the west in the world CUP tournament. And it was used.

Rumor said that Sparwasser was richly rewarded by the communist party after the world CUP. It would have been about a car, a house and a hefty sum of money. But he later denied.

instead, it was so Sparwasser a year before the wall fell defected to the west. He got the chance, and took it when he played in a senior tournament in west Germany.

Then there was nothing to suggest that the DDR just over a year later would fall together as a nation.

east germany's Jürgen Sparwasser makes scored the only goal behind the Vässtysklands goalkeeper Sepp Maier in the group match during the world CUP in 1974. Photo: dpa

Hungarian authorities down the electric fence that marked the border with Austria. A month later, it had 13 000 east German tourists escaped through Hungary to Austria.

It created a chain of events. The GDR forbade travel to Hungary. But it meant that the east germans instead saw Czechoslovakia as a way out of the eastern bloc. Through Czechoslovakia, they sought to either proceed to Hungary, or to the west German embassy in Prague.

this followed the mass protests inside the DDR.

As a result of the demonstrations during the autumn was the longtime leader Erich Honecker set aside, and replaced by Egon Krentz.

4 november gathered about half a million people in a demonstration on the Alexanderplatz in Berlin and chanted ”Wir wollen raus” – ”We want out”.

And to relieve the pressure, decided Krentz on 9 november to allow those who wished to visit west Germany would get the opportunity to do so. Three border crossing points would be opened the next day, of which the one in Berlin.

Günther Schabowski, partibossen in East berlin, would announce the decision at a press conference. But the instruction from the party leadership was sketchy, and on a direct question explained a stressed and not entirely well-informed Schabowski, that the decision was with immediate effect.

A information which immediately went out into the west German news broadcasts, which could be followed even in the DDR.

people at the six border crossings in Berlin, and demanded that the guards would let them through.

the Guards who are not reached by any information contacted the military leadership and were told to let through the most aggressive, and specialstämpla their passports so they would not be able to return.

But the problem remained in that it was thousands at each border crossing demanding to be let through.

No one in the party leadership was prepared to take responsibility for the situation, which just got worse and worse as more and more applied to, and pressed on at the border crossings.

And finally, at 22.45 in the evening, took the responsible in command at the Bornholmer Straße, Harald Jäger, himself the decision to open the border crossing.

On the other hand, met västtyskar with flowers and champagne.

3 October 1990, the reunified Germany.

it would be another year before the soccer ball in the east and the west gathered under the same umbrella.

Hansa Rostock won the final edition of the DDR-Oberliga in the following season 1990-91, and got together with the teams, and Dynamo Dresden contributions from eastern Germany in the German Bundesliga in the autumn of 1991, which for a season was extended by two teams.

The German football cradle was in eastern Germany. The association was formed in 1900 at a meeting in Leipzig.

As Germany was divided after the second world war was banned from all the organisations within Germany's borders, including sports clubs.

IN the DDR started in the Oberliga in 1949, but it was in the communist välregisserade arms.

the Clubs were renamed, closed down, or transferred.

with over 100 000 employees and at least twice as many infiltrators, ruled the development.

In Dresden was SC Friedrichstadt down 1950, re-emerged as the Volkspolizei Dresden and later Dynamo Dresden. The club won both the league and cup.

Then grep Stasichefen Erich Mielke in and moved all the players to the city of berlin, created Stasiklubben Dynamo Berlin.

Mielke also saw that several of the best players from other clubs was moved to Dynamo Berlin, and he also had power over the judiciary.

From 1979 to 1988, won the Dynamo Berlin ten straight mästartitlar.

Dynamo Berlin celebrating the GDR-championship in 1982 at the Friedrich Ludwig Jahn Sportpark. Photo credit: ADN-Bildarchiv

But in the Europaspelet, yet it was teams, and Dynamo Dresden, Magdeburg, Lokomotive Leipzig and Carl Zeiss Jena had greater success. Outside of the DDR could not Mielke control of the judiciary.

Magdeburg won the cup winners ' cup in 1974, Carl Zeiss Jena and Lokomotive Leipzig was in the final of the same tournament in 1981 and 1987. Dynamo Dresden reached the semifinals of the Uefa cup in 1989.

designed fotbollskartan. Stasis grip on the sport disappeared in the stroke of a pen. Democracy and capitalism meant a shift that was impossible to manage.

The best players were sold to clubs in the west of Germany. Corruption was at the same time, a permanent feature, which meant that the money that came in just as quickly disappeared from the business.

Hansa Rostock was the only team that managed to establish themselves in the Bundesliga for a longer period (1995-2005). But it was because you acted different, you used the money from player sales to recruit cheaply from neighboring countries. A while had Hansa Rostock six swedes in the starting line – Rade Prica, Marcus Lantz, Andreas Jacobsson, Magnus Arvidsson, Joachim Persson and Peter Wibrån.

Energie Cottbus acted after the same pattern and did six seasons in the Bundesliga until 2009. In Cottbus played including Jonny Rödlund.

Peter Wibrån was a great favorite with the public in Hansa Rostock, where he played between 1998 and 2003. Photo: imago sport

with Stasichefen Mielke. Is today bottenlag in the fourth division, on the way down in fifth grade again, and a club that is strongly associated with hooliganism.

A couple of thousand spectators see the games at the Friedrich Ludwig Jahn Sportpark, in Berlin, in an arena adjacent to the Mauerpark, where the berlin Wall previously coiled.

In the same series, Regionalliga Northeast, there are also other great teams from the DDR-time, as Chemnitzer FC (FC Karl-Marx-Stadt), Rot-Weiß Erfurt (Turbine Erfurt) and Lokomotive Leipzig.

Carl Zeiss Jena, who, like Lokomotive Leipzig reached the final of the european cup winners cup, playing in the third division today, along with Hansa Rostock, Energie Cottbus, FSC Zwickau (IT Sachsenring Zwickau) and Hallescher FC (SC Chemie Halle).

Magdeburg, the only teams from the DDR who won a Europatitel, playing in the second division together with Dynamo Dresden, once a semifinalist in the Uefa cup, Union Berlin and Erzgebirge Aue (Wismut Karl-Marx-Stadt/SC Wismut Aue).

But the road upwards is steep.

during the GDR time was a thorn in the eye of the Stasi-controlled Dynamo Berlin, is the hope. The team has basically packed (22 000) at the Stadium An Der Alten Försterei in Köpenick, every single round, and is ahead of the winter break on uppflyttningsplats to the Bundesliga.

Swede Sebastian Andersson celebrates a goal Union Berlin-supporters in the nhl An the Alten Försterei in Köpenick in east Berlin. Photo: Contrast/Oliver Behrendt

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