not to those Who start haven't smoked before, with the VAPE better in the first place, warn Researchers. This was especially true for young people. This is the risk just not worth it. Their new analysis provides evidence that E-cigarettes can damage as traditional cigarettes heart health.
For months, news from the USA about the diseases and deaths associated with E-cigarettes confuse users in Europe. Now a new study is likely to provide more anxiety. Researchers warn in the journal "Cardiovascular Research" prior to potential risks of vaping for heart health. Accordingly, the Vapor used in e-Liquids, fine dust, metals, and flavours, which could cause cardiovascular problems included.
For their study, doctors analyzed data from several Short - and long-term studies on the consequences of E-cigarette use on the cardiovascular System. "Many people believe that these products are safe, but there are more and more reasons to worry about its impact on heart health," summarizes Loren Wold from the Ohio State University College of Medicine, the results. "E-cigarettes contain nicotine, particulate matter, metals and aromatic substances, and not only harmless water vapor."
the air inhaled fine dust in the circulation of the blood occurs, and finally, directly to the heart, it is already known. Even if the available data were not sufficient, suggested that the Same for E-cigarettes was said Wold.
nicotine and particulate matter
nicotine increase the blood pressure and heart rate, while fine dust will lead to arteries hardening, inflammation, and oxidative Stress. "We are aware of these issues from studies of the short-term effects of Vaping - the research, however, is inconsistent, and the consequences of chronic E-cigarette use is still a complete mystery," says Wold. "The potential damage to the heart is not examined in principle."
The world health organization (WHO), the number of steamers in the United States increased from 7 million in 2011 to 41 million in 2018; 2021 it could reach 55 million. Originally, these were considered as a tool for Smoking cessation or as a more benign variant of the classic Glimmstängels. In an E-cigarette is usually flavored liquids are vaporized electrically. These liquids, also Liquids called, are in a cartridge in addition to a battery pack and an electric heating element. So no smoke, but an Aerosol that is inhaled is created.
regulating E-cigarettes need
Wold, according to the new analysis demonstrates that larger and longer-term studies are required. But above all, you should give E-cigarettes to users and those that keep you from Smoking before that even. "It is too great of a risk, not to assume that one is dependent, and there are no negative consequences," he said. "The risk is just not worth it."
in Addition, under the pranks of the study the need for regulation of E-cigarettes: companies should be required to tell their customers exactly what they inhale, ask the scientists. Transparency is particularly important because the products change constantly, so Wold. "Many companies do not publish the ingredients of their Liquids and claim that they are protected by copyright." It should not be assumed that ingredients such as propylene glycol, glycerine, and aromas have Inhaled, the same effects as in the case of oral administration, said the medic.
Co-author Nicholas Buchanan added: "for Example, the recent reports of illnesses and deaths must be limited in connection with the Vaping on a single fabric or a single product." The use of THC-containing products seem to stand in connection with these cases, however, the US health authority CDC have reported that the diseases seem to be not only limited to these.
compared to the USA E-cigarettes in the Switzerland and the EU are regulated more strictly. In principle, nicotine-containing E must satisfy-cigarettes in the Switzerland, the EU directives on tobacco products, in order to be considered as safe. In the United States, the legal arrangements from state to state are different.
The Federal food safety and veterinary office (fsvo) is watching the developments in the USA, writes the fsvo in a statement on its Website. Currently, the notes in Switzerland and the EU, however, no similar illness, or death in connection with E-cigarettes as in the United States.
risk due to traditional cigarettes
The researchers Wold emphasize, however, also the health risk posed by Smoking traditional cigarettes: This is the vermeidbarste risk factor for cardiovascular had cases of diseases and corresponding deaths.
Due to the in comparison to Vaping perceived safety, many smokers to E switched-cigarettes, or a combination of both. However, there were also many newcomers. "The most worrying is the number of children and young people who have the habit of doing is – and maybe never with the Smoking of conventional cigarettes have started," said Buchanan. "We don't know what health effect this has on you."
Indeed, the FDA now warns about an epidemic of vaping, especially among young people, and the number of consumers in the middle and upper levels within a year increased by 1.5 million, to the High Schools one out of every five U.S. students to E-cigarettes users.
Difficult assessment of the consequences
As the authors of the current study highlight the focus of the majority of the current research on adults and especially on those who smoked in the past, classic cigarette. An assessment of the impact for young people was, therefore, difficult.
Unknown are the possible effects of E-cigarettes on fetus, if Pregnant women smoke, so doctors Wold. The consequences of passive inhalation were unclear. Adults were beginning to understand that the health effects of vaping are not yet fully known and the risks are potentially high. "I'm afraid not, young people still is." (fal/sda)
Created: 07.11.2019, 09:48 PM