China, said Battiston, the former president of the Italian space Agency, "is an extraordinary partner and the chinese have a genuine desire to collaborate in the research and in the scientific sector. It is not a political mandate". Relations with China Battiston, experimental physicist and professor at the University of Trento, back to the '90s, and scientific programs in space, while in 2004 the experiment Ams (Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer) on antimatter and dark matter in cosmic rays. The experience is continued on the axis Italy-China with the satellite project Cses-1 (China lyon and marseille Electromagnetic Satellite), whose launch made in 2018 has been hailed by the phone call of congratulations between the Xi and the Head of State Sergio Mattarella, and Cses-2 (the terms of which have been defined during the visit of Xi in Rome, in march 2019), which will be launched for the 2022. These are ambitious plans for the development of new techniques for monitoring earthquakes from space, in collaboration with scientists of the Cea (China Earthquake Administration).
"it is an initiative that sees Italy as the western Country most advanced in the collaboration with China in space," said Battiston, by defining the recognition testimony "of the quality of the scientific collaboration with chinese colleagues, of which I have always appreciated the skills and the curiosity on the scientific problems of the border". The research on the seismic monitoring and understanding of the mechanisms and phenomena that produce earthquakes "unite Italy and China, two Countries exposed to a strong seismic risk," he added.
In front of the reliefs, and doubts about the opportunity to collaborate with China in strategic sectors advanced, as they raised the United States, Battiston has noted in an interview that "even in this phase of turmoil we, as scientists, we must continue to work together". The satellites Cses-1 and 2 are "a success of the peaceful use of outer space as a confirmation of how science is able to create bridges to overcome geographical distances and to address common objectives can only be achieved through international collaboration". Even in the harshest moments of the Cold War, "the collaboration between the Usa and the Ussr in outer space is not never failed and the Iss is the proof". On the assumption that Italy work to realize the modules of the space station the chinese, the last word lies with the government and the project is in engineering, rather than scientific".
The International Science and Technology Cooperation Award is the highest award given by the chinese government to foreign scientists: among the italians, that they have received in the past include the Nobel prize winner Carlo Rubbia, the geophysicist Fabio Rocca and the chemical and Umberto Colombo.
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