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The mathematics will be less fear with the new method of teaching
the GENEVA - Soon the math will less fear to the students. At least so it is hoped in the light of the results of a study by the University of Geneva published in the journal ZDM Mathematics Education. This new method of teaching mathematics is able to improve substantially the returns of those who are learning, and their ability to solve complex problems. Named "ACE-ArithmEcole", the new program is designed to help the pupils to overcome their intuitions and informal knowledge, and rely instead on the use of the principles of arithmetic. And the results are amazing. More than half (50.5 percent) of the students who took part in the intervention were able to resolve difficult problems, compared to only 29.8% of all students who have completed the standard course of study.

From the age of 6 or 7 years, the pupils are faced with mathematical problems involving additions and subtractions. Instinctively, simulations mental situations described in the problems to find solutions. But as soon as a problem becomes complex, the use of this representation using the images becomes impossible or leads the student into error. "We thought about a method that would allow young students to come away from these first images, and that would have favoured the use of the abstract principles of arithmetic," explains Katarina Gvozdic , a researcher at the Faculty of Psychology and Education (FPSE) at UNIGE.

This approach, which is based on the recoding of semantics, it helps the students to reach the knowledge of arithmetic at an early age.
at The end of the school year, the team from UNIGE has evaluated the ten classes of children aged 6 to 7 years in France (the second grade of primary school). In five classes, known as control classes, the teachers had taught mathematics in the conventional way. In the other five classes, they had implemented the intervention ACE-ArithmEcole that encouraged the students to facilitate the abstraction.

at The conclusion of the test, the researchers observed results are undeniable. Among students who have learned to solve mathematical problems with the method ACE-ArithmEcole, 63.4% gave correct answers to the problems that are easy to simulate mentally, and 50.5% found in the answers to the most complex problems. "In contrast, only 42.2% of the pupils of the standard curriculum, is able to solve simple problems, and only 29.8% gave the right answer to complex problems," exclaims Katarina Gvozdic. "However, their level is measured on other aspects of mathematics was exactly the same," adds Emmanuel Sander of the University of Geneva.

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