"We can take advantage of the fungi to grow these habitat once you get there," explains Lynn Rothschild , the coordinator of the project. The idea is that, in the future, the explorers human can carry around a 'house' compact, built with a lightweight material made of mushrooms dormant, to 'awaken' the first time you arrived on the planet. Opening the basic structure and adding of water, the mushrooms will grow around the scaffold. The project consists of bricks made of mushrooms, wood chips and waste from the garden and a dome in three layers, where the outer one is made of frozen water, taken from the resources present on the Moon or Mars.
The water serves to protect against radiation, with a cascading effect on the second layer, consisting of cyanobacteria (which use the solar energy to transform water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and food for the mushrooms). This layer, through the light that filters from the ice, can produce oxygen for astronauts and a source of nutrients for the fungi, present in the last layer. These are made to grow in a closed space, and then "cooked" to kill any forms of life, so as not to contaminate Mars, and other micro-organisms already present. The mushrooms can also be used to filter the water and extract minerals from the waste water, produce light, adjust the humidity, and even self-regenerate in case of damage.
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