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The Golden Jackal conquered Europe
In Europe, there are now up to 117 000 gold jackals. The animals have spread from the Balkans towards Western Europe. Golden jackals have a yellowish-grey, dark coloured fur. They are smaller than wolves and are slightly larger than foxes. The predators eat berries, Corn, insects, amphibians, fish, and small mammals such as mice. Occasionally, but there is also sheep farming losses. the By Barbara Reye's

in The evening, he cries. Again and again he calls out loudly in the dusk, his body tense, the muzzle wide open, the ears. Sometimes also a growl, a Whimper, or a Bark from his throat. Often, the gold sounds a Jackal, similar to a Wolf. "Sometimes it sounds like a siren," says Jennifer Hatlauf from the Institute for wildlife biology and game management, University for soil culture in Vienna. Generally speaking, his voice was higher than that of the wolf. To find out where the Golden Jackal is, he is the wildlife ecologist sometimes through a bullhorn with a recording of its Call. "Often he answers immediately," explains Hatlauf, the elusive and clandestine immigrants in Austria are explored. But also in Germany since 1997, individual evidence. He was flashed already several times by camera traps that were set for other wild animals. And in the case of Freising in Bavaria in 2017 was found to be a totgefahrener Golden Jackal next to the highway.

across Europe, there are up to 117 000 gold dragons, but only 17 000 wolves

At first glance, the gold Jackal with his yellowish-grey and dark brindle coat and his flashy white marks around the neck like a Wolf. However, he is significantly smaller than this, but somewhat larger than a Fox. Almost in the whole of Europe, the Golden Jackal now on the rise. From the South-Eastern Balkans, he stretches his area of settlement in a natural way to Central Europe. Originally, he lived in many Parts of Arabia, India and the Middle East to Turkey.

But now, experts find more and more traces far away from its former distribution area in the West to France and in the North to Estonia, and Denmark. According to current estimates, the Population is now huge and surpasses that of the wolves seven times, however, the territories of the jackals are much smaller. According to the world conservation Union (IUCN), in Europe there is a total of up to 117 000 gold dragons, but only 17 000 wolves.

In ancient Egypt, was worshiped the Golden Jackal as a Holy being and the God of the dead Anubis is depicted with the head of a Jackal. But in Africa, they are living way has been determined to 2015 as independently, and gold-wolf is since then, because it is used in contrast to the local jackals, genetically close to the Wolf.

so far found in Germany, Golden jackals may be on the move. "Presumably, they either come from the Balkans, or through Poland and the Czech Republic to us," says the wildlife biologist Felix Böcker from LUPUS Institute for wolf monitoring and research in Germany. Some of the gold dragons, then continue on to Denmark. While in Germany or Switzerland, the predators occur only sporadically, you are in Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia and Slovenia, long ago home. Also in Austria and northeast Italy, they have established themselves and, in 2007, had for the first time, Junior. In all countries, you are always alone immigrated and do not like about the bear in Italy or the lynx in Switzerland in the framework of a resettlement project had been suspended.

Has a Golden Jackal male found a mate, it stays true to it. Often hunt alone, but sometimes in family groups of four to six individuals. Due to the hidden way of life of the mostly night-active predators are hardly noticeable. "They avoid the regions in which the stronger Wolf has already settled, and preferred to rest in a much more structured landscape with good coverage," says Hatlauf. In some countries, they appear to be quite close to towns.

As omnivorous and Opportunist, the Golden Jackal is not picky and eats in addition to berries and Corn, insects, amphibians or fish, also small mammals such as mice. Occasionally, but there is also sheep farming losses. As genetic analysis showed, for example, that in March of 2017, in Schleswig-Holstein, three sheep, a Jackal injured, but not killed. Nevertheless, the animal died shortly after the incident. In this case, the holder of the sheep was a wolf crack request compensation.

What is the gold Jackal carefully on the dining plan, depends on the offer. A study in Serbia came as a result of the examined stomach contents of 600 animals at the conclusion that it is waste to 70 per cent of the battle, ten percent of rodents and eight percent of the Ungulates. The remaining twelve percent are composed of other food sources. This is due to the fact that there is in Serbia a lot of illegal landfills. "Golden jackals eat the waste, but also Hunting, if these lying around," says Böcker.

specialist people puzzles, such as a large Predator in Europe, almost unnoticed, was able to spread

If the Jackal locates in Germany, and a pack forms, due to the increasing presence of the wolf is uncertain. "We have far to little experience, whether you want to go, in fact, anywhere out of the way," says Böcker. Sure, however, that urban areas as a habitat for the gold come Jackal rather out of the question. But also mountains, long lasting cover at the end of the snow and the intensively farmed agricultural land without cover from the terror of the animals, probably more.

a medium-large Predator in Europe, almost unnoticed can spread arouses scientific interest. The tremendous Expansion has environmental consequences? You move locally in the predator-prey relationships? In Germany, the so far only sporadic in the state of Brandenburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Hesse, lower Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein, Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria-occurring Golden Jackal is the European nature conservation law.

in order To potential conflicts such as the Wolf in time, the Viennese researcher Hatlauf the spread of the Golden jackals in Austria. This brings together on the basis of References of hunters, foresters, or from the population the best Heulanimation. She says that it is in Hungary, but also already had occurred, that an animal had responded to the Alarm of an ambulance.

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