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So the great drought wiped out the Assyrians. Archaeologists: The past warns us
CENTURIES of domination, wiped out by the drought in the space of a few decades. About 2700 years ago, the assyrian Empire dominated the Fertile Crescent, coming to win in the period of maximum expansion, the Syria, Palestine and Egypt. An agricultural society, who also knew how to develop the sciences and arts and under the guidance of King Ashurbanipal founded in the capital of the Nineveh a large library, which for years kept the core of the tradition of the sumerian. A supremacy exercised longer, but that he saw the end in a relatively short period of time. The causes of a collapse as sudden as the violent are always a cause of debate among historians, but according to a recent study published in the journal Science Advances, the change of climate would have had a decisive role. In stalagmites the secrets of climate in "The fall of the Assyrian Empire is considered the 'mother of all disasters' by the scholars of Mesopotamia, "explains Harvey Weiss , an archaeologist at the University of Yale, one of the authors of the study, but many questions hung still on what had been unleashed". On the other hand, wars and political instability in the area have made it difficult archaeological investigations in-depth until the end of the '80s. "The data of paleoclimate available so far were scarce and inaccurate", stresses Ashish Sinha , paleoclimatologo of the University of California and coordinator of the study. Sinha and his group have studied the spelotemi found in the cave of Kuna Ba, 300 kilometres south-east of today's Mosul, where a time prospered Nineveh.
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