to be considered Harmless but terrifying: on the left, the head of the God Xipe Tótec, the right of his Torso.(photo: Meliton Tapia Davila/AP)
The spring is commonly understood as the Season of new beginnings, just looked at the Aztecs pretty bloody: Xipe Tótec, God of spring and new Vegetation, realized by the fact that he wore the skin of a sacrificed human. Archaeologists in Mexico are sure to have now for the first time, a sanctuary of this deity is found. It was built by the people of the Popoloca between 1000 and 1260 in the territory of present-day Mexican state of Puebla, which was later conquered by the Aztecs. The temple complex dates back to the time before, proves that the Aztecs have taken over the cult of other peoples.
representation of Xipe Tótec from the 16. Century(photo by Tallandier / Codex Borbonicus, 1507)
The representation of the God Xipe Tótec is martial: in addition to the human skin, which covered his torso, you see him in an additional right Hand. This depends on as an extension of his left Arm, and is intended to symbolize the Hand of the victim. "A sculptor and seen it is a very beautiful piece," says the lead archaeologist, Noemí Castillo. So far, two of the skull and a Torso were found. The researchers suggest that the symbol of God killed, "" and was dismembered, and that, therefore, in the future, other parts of the body could be discovered.
the priest wore the skin of the victims
From today's point of view, is the place of worship beautiful. At the same time it is but a grim reality, as for the Aztec God, many people lost their lives. To him the Feast Tlacaxipeualiztli was dedicated to, in the course of which prisoners of war in a sort of Gladiator battle were sacrificed. It was an unequal fight, because the victim fought with a sword, whose blade had been replaced by a spring, against a more experienced soldiers. Then the victim was skinned.
archaeologists in the excavation of a new place of worship of the Aztecs, 250 kilometers away from Mexico city.(photo: Meliton Tapia/AFP)
The altars, in their environment, these rituals took place, archaeologists discovered also. It is not yet clear whether they can be made after the completion of the excavations accessible to the Public. But the visitors would have remembered to the from today's perspective, probably the most bizarre part of the ceremony: After you had deducted the victim, his skin was worn for twenty days by the priests, and the priests, the embodied the God himself. At the end of this time, the skin smelled so strong, that you got a headache. The Drop of the skin symbolized renewal - a bloody spring.