His bureau supplied backup for its Capitol security force which has been overrun from the pro-Trump mob.
The first watch, however, was Capitol Police Capt. Carneysha Mendoza, that gave a firsthand accounts about the brutality of the attack.
After she arrived at the scene, Mendoza informed lawmakers, she instantly detected, as a military veteran, a thick smoke-like residue she recognized as military-grade CS gas. "The rioters continued to set up CS to the Rotunda. Officers received a great deal of gas vulnerability, which can be worse within the building as opposed to outdoors because there's nowhere it may go. I've received chemical burns to my head that still haven't healed to this day," she explained.
She stated she had been engaged in the struggle for nearly four hours and even if Capitol Police had 10 days the amount of officers, they'd have been overmatched.
"As an American and as a Army veteran, it's sad to see attacked by our fellow citizens. I am unhappy to see the effect that has had on Capitol Police officers. And I am unhappy to see the effect that has had on our service and on our nation," she explained.
After she talked, the Capitol safety officials defended their activities and pointed palms everywhere but agreeing that the assault was planned.
In his opening statement, Sund predicted the assault on the Capitol"the worst assault on law enforcement as well as our democracy" he's seen in his own 30-year-career and put blame on different national agencies for poor prep, not the Capitol Police.
"According to the intelligence we obtained, we proposed to get an elevated amount of violence in the Capitol and some participants could be armed.
The former leader said that"extensive" trainings were set in place before their riot such as"intelligence and data sharing with our national and local partners, and division officials, implementing substantial improvements for Member protection, the growth of extensive operational improvements to incorporate the further posting of officers about and within the buildings that are charitable, a substantial civil disobedience setup, along with an enlarged perimeter, along with the supply of further protective equipment for those officers."
Homeland Security Committee Chairman Gary Peters, highlighting communication failures,'' requested Sund about a Washington Post report that"the FBI Norfolk area office issued a hazard report on January 5th that comprehensive special calls for violence on line in accordance with January 6th including that protesters, quotation, prepare yourself to battle, end quote, and, quotation, go there ready for warfare, end quote."
Sund testified that he never saw the danger warning mail, which he stated had gone into an officer over the joint terrorism task force the evening prior to the attack and that he learned of it just on Monday. The House and Senate sergeants at arms stated did not receive the email .
"We planned for a mass demonstration with potential violence, what we have was a military-style coordinated attack on my officers and the violent takeover of this Capitol building," Sund said.
Stenger, the prior Senate sergeant at arms, talking publicly for the very first time, stated in his opening comments Washington, D.C., is a"special surroundings" for law enforcement in the area and said everything ought to be reviewed.
"There's a chance to learn lessons in the events of January 6th. Investigations should be deemed as to travel and funding of what is apparently professional agitators. First Amendment rights must be considered in combination with specialist investigations," he explained.
Contee, in his opening comments, noted that his police officials are barred against making arrests on Capitol grounds but dependent on the expertise of previous demonstrations they understood violence was a chance. He also made apparent that MPD intelligence didn't forecast what happened on Jan. 6.
"The District didn't have intelligence pointing into a coordinated attack on the Capitol."
Contee noted police officials found pipe bombs beyond the Democratic National Committee and Republican National Committee headquarters near. He said his division had four goals on Jan. 6: quitting rioters, securing the perimeter, enabling Congress to restart and making arrests.
He said he had been"amazed" by the U.S. Army's answer, stating army officials were"unwilling to ship the D.C. National Guard into the Capitol."
"While I certainly understand the significance of both public and planning perception -- the variables cited by the team on the telephone -- those issues become secondary once you're seeing your workers, vastly outnumbered by a cop, being physically attacked," he explained.
Contee says that he had been"shocked" that the Army didn't more rapidly agree to deploy the National Guard.
"The Army staff responded they weren't refusing to ship themwanted to understand the strategy and didn't enjoy the optics of boots on the floor in the Capitol," he explained.
Pentagon officials challenge his characterization and state the request was treated appropriately.
Irving stated the notion of"optics" didn't play a part in his decision never to station National Guard troops in the Capitol ahead, stating the intelligence he received did not justify it.
"Allow me to be clear, optics, as depicted in the press, played no role in my conclusions about safety. And any hint of the opposite is false. Security was always paramount when creating safety programs for January 6th. We did talk about whether the intelligence justified having troops in the Capitol, and also our collective ruling Then was not any --that the intellect didn't justify," Irving stated
A dispute on an integral stage -- if the National Guard was asked -- arose when GOP Sen. Roy Blunt requested Irving about his announcement he accepted the help when Sund requested for it.
"Mister Sund said he requested for the National Guard support at 1:09, and you accepted -- it had been approved at 2:10. Why would it require an hour to approve National Guard help in your own part in that period of tragedy"
"Senator, from my recollection, I didn't get a request for acceptance for National Guard until soon after two p.m.," Irving responded.
"Mr. Sund, are you aware when you requested for National Guard support?
"It had been 1:09, sir," Sund responded.
"Sir, I don't have any recollection of a conversation at that moment," Irving afterward told Blunt. "I had been on the ground throughout the Electoral College session"
Lawmakers said they'll use the hearing to ascertain what security is necessary in Washington moving ahead.
Lawmakers from both parties said they wish to stop incidents such as the siege from ever occurring again.
Earlier this month, ABC News got a copy of a letter delivered by Sund, who stated that the intelligence leading up to case did not indicate it would eventually become as violent as it did.
"Perfect hindsight doesn't alter the simple fact that nothing in our own collective expertise or our intellect -- such as intelligence offered by FBI, Secret Service, Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and D.C. Metropolitan Police (MPD) -- signaled a well-coordinated, armed attack on the Capitol may happen on Jan. 6," Sund composed.
In his correspondence, he composed intelligence officials suggested Jan. 6 could be comparable to preceding largely tranquil post-election demonstrations in November and December.
Sund said he led the Capitol Police to possess every sworn officer functioning, and triggered seven Civil Disturbance Unit platoons, which comprised approximately 250 officers. Four of these platoons were outfitted with helmets, protective clothing and protects.
On Jan. 5, Sund hosted a digital assembly centered on the Jan. 6 event in addition to the inauguration. "Throughout the assembly, no thing, such as the FBI, given any intelligence suggesting that there are a coordinated barbarous assault on the United States Capitol by tens of thousands of well-equipped armed insurrectionists," Sund composed.
"There is not any question there have been colossal spikes in the intelligence gathering and safety preparations leading to the events of January 6, in addition to throughout the response and coordination efforts once the attack got under way" Peters stated.
"No officer has been dedicated to the assignment of the Capitol Hill Police Department entrance and obligation to serve and protect.
And we must understand the Capitol complex itself was vulnerable and insecure, so it could be easily overrun."
As the hearing ended, Klobuchar slammed all those involved, mentioning the intellect and communications breakdown concerning the FBI warning and"the waits from the supplying a petition for National Guard help, both by the Capitol Police Board and the Department of Defense. The simple fact that the sergeants at arms were concentrated on maintaining the members secure from both chambers while the main was attempting to find some emergency acceptance. To mepersonally, you are able to point fingers, but it is also possible to consider this as a procedure which isn't ready for a catastrophe."