According to British secret services, Moscow is increasingly running out of ammunition in the Ukraine war. "We know, and Russian commanders at war know that they are running out of equipment and ammunition," GCHQ director Jeremy Fleming said on Tuesday, according to a pre-release speech transcript quoted by the BBC. Russian President Vladimir Putin makes misjudgments and strategic mistakes.
"Since he is hardly challenged internally, his decisions have turned out to be flawed," said the director of intelligence. In the meantime, the Russian people have also become aware of the consequences of “Putin's self-imposed war” for them personally in their own country – for example fewer opportunities to travel and hardly any access to modern technologies and external influences due to Western sanctions.
Meanwhile, Russia fired missiles and combat drones at Ukraine again on Tuesday. The shells hit a school, a medical facility and residential buildings in the city of Zaporizhia, City Council Secretary Anatoly Kurtev said. According to civil protection, twelve S-300 rockets hit public facilities and caused a major fire. One person was killed in the process.
The governor of central Ukraine's Dnepropetrovsk region, Valentyn Resnichenko, said Russian troops had again shelled three districts near the Zaporizhia nuclear power plant overnight, including Nikopol, which is on the opposite bank of the Dnipro from the power plant.
In the vicinity of the capital Kyiv and in the Khmelnytskyi region there were explosions and air defense was deployed, officials said. The authorities called on people to seek shelter in basements and bunkers.
The Vynytsia, Mykolaiv and Rivne areas were also shelled. In the Vynytsia region southwest of Kyiv, a thermal power station was attacked with combat drones. Plants were destroyed in the process. Fortunately, there were no casualties, the power plant's press office said.
According to the city administration, two thirds of the people in Lviv were without electricity. The water supply was also affected. In the afternoon, explosions could be heard again, said Mayor Andrij Sadowyi and called on citizens to stock up on water
In the coming week, NATO will begin its annual maneuvers to defend NATO territory with nuclear weapons. The long-planned Steadfast Noon deterrence exercise is routine training to keep deterrence safe and effective, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said at a press conference in Brussels. The core of NATO's nuclear capabilities is always to keep the peace and prevent aggression.
CDU leader Friedrich Merz has criticized Russia's increased attacks on civilian targets in Ukraine and described them as war crimes. "We can only ask Russia again to really stop terrorizing the civilian population and bombing the country," said the leader of the Union faction in the Bundestag in Berlin. These are "acts of desperation" by Russian President Vladimir Putin. "What Putin is doing there will not be successful," Merz said.
According to the head of the World Weather Organization (WMO), Petteri Taalas, the Russian war of aggression should accelerate the switch to more climate-friendly energy production. The energy crisis triggered by the war will increase the use of climate-damaging fossil fuels in Europe - for example in coal-fired power plants - for a few years. When looking at five to ten years, things look different, said Taalas on Tuesday in Geneva.
The war against Ukraine accelerates the conversion, with more energy saving measures and more green energy. "From a climate point of view, the war against Ukraine can be seen as a blessing," Taalas said.
According to the Kremlin, Russia is preparing for a longer war against the neighboring country because of the planned US arms deliveries to Ukraine. The delivery of anti-aircraft systems announced by the United States will make the "conflict longer and more painful for the Ukrainian side," Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told Interfax. "The confrontation will continue," Peskov said, referring to a meeting between the Group of Seven Industrial Nations (G7) and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy scheduled for Tuesday.
In particular, Russia sees the United States as a war party in Ukraine because the country not only provides weapons, but also intelligence and satellite data. In addition, Ukrainian soldiers in the West are being trained in NATO weapons, among other things.
According to the Turkish Presidential Office, Kremlin chief Vladimir Putin and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan want to meet in the Kazakh capital Astana on Thursday. The meeting is to take place on the sidelines of the Summit of the Conference on Cooperation and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA).
The Russian state news agency Tass had already reported on Monday that Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov was not ruling out a meeting.
Ankara is trying to mediate between the conflicting parties in the Russian war of aggression against Ukraine. “A ceasefire must be established as soon as possible. The sooner, the better for both countries, for all of us," Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu told Turkish news channel tvnet on Tuesday. Ankara seeks a "viable ceasefire and fair peace" based on Ukraine's territorial integrity - before losses from both sides multiply even further this winter, Cavusoglu added.
According to Ukraine, the bodies of 62 killed Ukrainian soldiers were returned from Russia. "62 fallen heroes have been brought back home," the Ukrainian ministry responsible for areas under separatist control said online on Tuesday. Among them are said to be the remains of those killed in the bombing of the Olenivka detention center. The negotiations were difficult, it said.
In July, Russia and Ukraine blamed each other for the bombing of the Russian-controlled prison in Olenivka. Captured soldiers are being held in the prison in the Donetsk region, which has since been annexed by Moscow.
Kyiv denies targeting civilian infrastructure or prisoners of war. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy blamed Russia for the attacks, calling them "war crimes".
The Russian leadership is open to a meeting between President Vladimir Putin and US President Joe Biden. Russia would not oppose such a meeting at the upcoming G-20 summit and would consider the proposal if it received one from the US, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said on Russian state television.
The meeting of the heads of state and government of the twenty most important industrialized and emerging countries (G20) is planned for mid-November on the Indonesian island of Bali. Russia is also ready to listen to proposals for peace talks, says the foreign minister. However, he could not say in advance where this process would lead.
According to Russia, it is continuing its attacks on the Ukrainian energy and military infrastructure with long-range missiles. "The purpose of the attack was achieved," the Defense Ministry said. "All designated facilities have been hit."
The armaments group Rheinmetall is delivering 15 tanks to the Czech Republic so that the NATO state can get a modern replacement for tanks of Soviet design that were handed over to the Ukraine. Representatives of Germany and the Czech Republic signed a corresponding contract on Tuesday in Prague, as Rheinmetall announced. According to earlier government information, there are 14 Leopard 2A4 battle tanks and a Buffalo armored recovery vehicle. According to Berlin circles, the financial volume amounts to the equivalent of 157 million euros.
The first vehicle is to be handed over in December, and delivery should be completed by the end of 2023. The order includes ammunition and services for training and the supply of spare parts.
After announcing a joint troop formation with Russia, the Belarusian leadership reiterated that this should be a "purely defensive" contingent. In a statement on Tuesday, Belarusian Defense Minister Viktor Chrenin said that all activities are currently aimed at "having an adequate response to actions near our border".
The Belarusian ruler Alexander Lukashenko announced the establishment of a joint Belarusian-Russian alliance on Monday, but did not say where this alliance is stationed. The statement sparked fears that Belarusian soldiers could be deployed alongside the Russian army in eastern Ukraine.
According to the UN Human Rights Office, the latest Russian attacks in Ukraine could constitute war crimes. Targeting civilians or infrastructure such as power plants that people need to survive is prohibited under international humanitarian law, a spokeswoman for the office said in Geneva on Tuesday. "The locations and times of the attacks - when people went to work or took children to school - is particularly shocking," spokeswoman Ravina Shamdasani said.
In view of the recent heavy rocket attacks on major Ukrainian cities, Poland is preparing to take in more refugees from the neighboring country. "We are ready at any time, our borders are open, and we are also logistically prepared to take in refugees," Social Minister Marlena Malag told the public broadcaster TVP on Tuesday. If necessary, Ukrainians would find support and protection in Poland, as was the case in February and the months that followed.
According to the Polish government in September, around 1.3 million Ukraine refugees live in the country.
Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov has issued a fresh warning to the West that its support for Ukraine could draw the US and its allies into open conflict with Russia, Ryabkov said on Tuesday, according to a report by Russia's state-run Ria Novosti news agency.
As examples, the deputy minister cited military aid to Kyiv, the training of Ukrainian soldiers in NATO countries and the provision of satellite data enabling the Ukrainian military to determine targets for artillery strikes. With all these actions, Western countries are increasingly drawn into the conflict, he explained. Russia will be forced to take appropriate countermeasures, "including asymmetrical measures."
Russia is not interested in a direct clash with the US and NATO, Ryabkov said. "We hope that Washington and other western capitals are aware of the danger of an uncontrollable escalation."
According to the EU ambassador to Belarus, he has had to vacate his post because Belarus refused to issue him the necessary papers. "The Belarusian authorities have decided not to extend my visa and accreditation for another year, which makes it very difficult to exercise my mandate," German-born EU Ambassador Dirk Schuebel wrote on Facebook on Monday evening.
He very much regrets this decision, Schuebel continued. As the head of the EU delegation, he fulfilled his duty by always communicating the EU's official position on the "false elections and the constant use of force against innocent people" to the Belarusian authorities.
The German has been the EU ambassador to Belarus since 2019. The country has also been heavily criticized by the West for supporting Russia's war of aggression in Ukraine.
The Federal Government's Migration Commissioner, Reem Alabali-Radovan (SPD), has called for preparations for possible new refugee movements from Ukraine. The number of newly arriving refugees from Ukraine is currently falling at around 150 per day, "but a hard war winter can change that," Alabali-Radovan told the editorial network Germany.
A change in the movement of refugees would first affect the direct neighbors Poland and also the Czech Republic, she said. "We must therefore remain in close contact with our neighboring countries and be prepared to continue to take in people who are fleeing war and great hardship from Ukraine."
Before the refugee summit on Tuesday, the SPD politician called the admission and accommodation of refugees "a great joint effort by the federal, state and local authorities". "Uptake and distribution are generally going well," she added, "but not always and not everywhere."
Federal Minister of the Interior Nancy Faeser (SPD) is meeting with local and state representatives on Tuesday to discuss further care for refugees.
For the FDP politician Marie-Agnes Strack-Zimmermann, the Russian rocket attacks on Ukrainian cities show that an end to the war cannot be achieved at the negotiating table. "You can't negotiate with Russia under Putin and his followers," the chairwoman of the defense committee told the German Press Agency in Berlin on Tuesday. "That was shown by the murderous rocket attacks by this terrorist gang right in the heart of Kyiv and on other cities." The end of the war will only be achieved with material support from Ukraine.
It is a good sign that Chancellor Olaf Scholz (SPD) has promised Ukraine support for the country's reconstruction, said the politician, who was in Kyiv last week. “Winter is coming and everything is needed for Ukraine to prepare. From equipment for the cold months to ammunition and artillery. For the southern flank, however, the Ukraine primarily needs main battle tanks,” emphasized Strack-Zimmermann.
While Ukraine particularly wants the Leopard 2 main battle tank, it is also very grateful for deliveries of the Marder infantry fighting vehicle. Strack-Zimmermann: "The marten would be the fastest solution at the moment." The Bundeswehr could immediately deliver at least 50 martens and offer the training in Germany, as Strack-zimmermann said. "Industry could replace the Marder for the Bundeswehr within a year."
Strack-Zimmermann demanded that at the same time "Spain's offer to train Ukrainian soldiers on the Leopard battle tank in Latvia" had to be "seriously discussed". She said: "You need German approval for that. We must not stand in the way of any help.”
After the large-scale series of Russian attacks on cities in Ukraine, the death toll has risen to at least 19, according to Ukrainian sources. According to the country's emergency services, more than 100 people were injured. "According to preliminary information, 19 people have been killed and 105 others injured," the emergency services wrote
UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi has warned of an increase in the number of refugees after the Russian rocket attacks. "The bombing of civilians" and "non-military infrastructure" means "that the war is becoming harder and more difficult for civilians," Grandi said on Monday evening in Geneva. "I fear that the events of the past few hours will entail more escape."
The Russian army carried out numerous rocket attacks on Ukrainian cities on Monday. For the first time in months, rockets fell in the capital Kyiv and in Lviv in western Ukraine, and many other cities were also shelled.
The attacks sparked international outrage. EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell said the "indiscriminate attack on civilians" was "tantamount to a war crime." US President Biden also denounced that targets of no military importance had been attacked. Grandi said the "horror" that happened in Ukraine on Monday was "inexcusable".
Since the Russian war of aggression against Ukraine began on February 24, more than 7.6 million Ukrainian refugees have been registered across Europe. Some of them returned to their homeland, more than 4.2 million Ukrainians were granted temporary protection status in EU countries. According to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), there are also almost seven million internally displaced persons in Ukraine.
The situation in Ukraine is currently in flux, said the UN refugee commissioner. There are people who “just flee the bombs for a few hours” and then return home. But if there is major destruction and people no longer have access to basic food or heating, it will take longer to flee.
After a Russian missile attack on the eastern Ukrainian city of Kryvyi Rih, local military chief Oleksandr Vikul said 98 miners were still trapped underground because of a power outage. The miners should be freed on Tuesday night, according to the Ukrainian news agency Ukrinform, Wilkul announced on Monday evening via his Telegram channel. According to Wilkul, more than 850 miners were initially trapped in four mines.
"Kick-off Politics" is WELT's daily news podcast. The most important topic analyzed by WELT editors and the dates of the day. Subscribe to the podcast on Spotify, Apple Podcasts, Amazon Music or directly via RSS feed.