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Working life in Finland is about to change: the Employer may make previously freely shift work, work and night work – the researcher sees the dangers

for a Long time hotly debated, the previous government made of the work (you move to another service) will come into force at the year end. The new law has been to bring more flexibility in working hours.

in Finland and other nordic countries is already now Europe's most flexible and epäsäännöllista the least working hours. The new law will allow more and more of everyday life complicate, when an employer can do to before free more shift work, overtime and night work and irregular working time will expand to new areas.

the turn of the Year after jaksotyö allow, for example, safety - and rescue missions, early childhood education, substance abuse work and their support activities, such as transport.

period work hours can make more without overtime pay when work is, and correspondingly less when the work is task less.

Work can be some weeks, for example, 50 hours, as long as the average hours a week are not in a certain period exceed 40 hours.

Jaksotyö complicate leisure. Unlike the regular working time, and working in shifts, working hours vary and are known only for a short time ahead, for example, for a few weeks, said trade unions of the central organisation SAK's lawyer Anu-Tuija Lehto .

Seven hours to get home, get some rest and get back to work

between Shifts should rest and recover, maybe get something else. The EU working time directive, the amount of shift between a rest period at least 11 hours.

in intermittent work, the rest period can be shorter, even just seven hours. In that time, so we should get a job from home, rest and get back to work.

the directive to a shorter rest time arrangement employees and employers are not thinking about health but the aim has been to work on fluency and longer freedom, said in a research professor Mikko powdery mildew health department.

the recovery and coping at work in terms of short shift intervals are not a good solution, powdery mildew say.

Accident and sickness risks may multiply

Some variable work, but according to studies, shift work and night work confuse the circadian rhythms and cause sleep deprivation. They, in turn, in the long term, increase the risk of developing, for example, breast cancer, alzheimer's disease and cardiovascular disease.

working time full liberalization is not an employee of the health sense, said research professor Mikko powdery mildew.Yle

Night work, i.e. the clock 23 and the morning were the sixth between the work done also increases, inter alia, accidents and the risk of miscarriage.

– People need to sleep every day, not just on average a certain amount in three months. For a week the pile lack of sleep can cause clear physiological changes in the brain, Mikko powdery mildew say.

that's Why in the new work successive night shifts, the number of has been reduced from seven to five.

More man hours, more overtime

the New law will extend the maximum working hours per year more than 50 hours. Overtime is calculated differently than it is now. In some areas this can increase overtime, Grove said.

according to Him, emergency work, that is, for example electricity lines, repairing after the storm, counted in the new law, according to the working hours. Thus, the total working time, for example, the logging may decrease, when the emergency work will no longer count as extra work.

Unlike now, reserve time for example, rescue operations may no longer count as rest time.

If the employee is so tied to their work, you can't concentrate on their own affairs, it is working time, Anu-Tuija Lehto said.

If the employer understand the company's success, when all is good, the new law on flexibility offer it opportunities, said SAK's lawyer Anu-Tuija Lehto.SAKAsiantuntijalle the new law will bring good

the New law brings in the most flexible may be the employee of both a good and a bad thing, Anu-Tuija Lehto estimates.

– What is tied more work is a job, the less flexible is the joy, he sums up.

the New working hours for all of the impact is not yet information, because its application will be decided in many areas soon negotiable in collective agreements. Health department intends to monitor the working hours and the implementation and its effects on working hours and health.

If the field is not a collective agreement and the employer's right despot, the new law can be a very bad thing, as there is a lot of the employer a positive flexibility, SAK:n Anu-Tuija Lehto said.

But if the employer understand the company's success, when all is good, the new law flexibilities offer the possibilities, Grove said.

New working hours enable flexibility in the work at least half of the working time is one in which the worker himself can decide when and where you work. Turku Mikael Montonen meetings remotely Helsinki-train. Sasha Silvala / Yle

One of them is the working hours of the bank, the use of which was agreed in the previous collective agreements. The working time bank allows to accumulate and save free. New law to better identify the remote. It can accumulate more hours per day than the average eight.

the Experts new job is good news. Experts typically make long days, who are exposed to disease. That is why it is good that the time and place independent work will now, according to the working hours act, Mikko powdery mildew say.

That means, among other things, that the experts on working time is monitored. The employee and employer may agree to a new flexibility of working hours, where working hours and place of work are the most important work goals and the overall schedule. Joustotyö time at least half of the working time is one in which the worker himself can decide when and where you work.

the Possibility to influence own work and the work hours been proven to increase job satisfaction and reduce sickness absence.

It can also do shift planning, where the employee can actually influence it, because he has to work hard and because of the free time, Anu-Tuija Lehto said.

among Other things in the care sector shifts are planned together with the employees. It has been found to promote wellbeing, satisfaction and health. Jari Kovalainen / Yle“I Hope tes-the talks did not water down the law,”

collective bargaining research professor Mikko powdery mildew expect health perspective.

– working time full liberalization is not an employee of the health sense. I hope the new law on safety and health aspects are not watered down in the negotiations, he said.

Should also be remembered that the work to be done too hard and requires all the same thing, but to accept that we have all kinds of workers, powdery mildew say.

– not Everyone can handle working in the same way. It is important to take care of, for example, ability and use that ability, what is.

Read more:

the research professor recall shift many of the adverse health effects of irregular working hours more and more common

the Night shift increased trade and accommodation, but a week streak has coming to a stop: "The fourth and fifth night after the no longer quite sane."

New joustotyö comes, are you ready? The employee leads to more and more themselves and follow the can they – “the purpose of the Law is not longer working hours”

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