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This is the case of Lundin Petroleum on the

the Company was founded in 1981 by Adolf H. Lundin as International Petroleum, after the International Petroleum Corporation, followed by Lundin Oil in the late 1990s before it finally became Lundin Petroleum in 2001. It is owned primarily by the family of Lundin, but also by the Swedish pension funds, the Norwegian Equinor and others. In today's business is conducted primarily operates in Norway. Before we drilled for oil in a variety of areas, including in the Middle east and Sudan.

Lundin Petroleum chairman Ian Lundin and managing director Alex Schneiter. Photo: Roger Turesson

the Company had 1997-2003 agreement with the then Sudan government on the oil business in an area, ”block 5A”. According to the testimony, and a variety of reports from, among others, the UN, Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International, escalated the fighting just where the oil was. Tens of thousands are reported to have been killed and over 100,000 have been forced to flee loyalist militias set to clear the oil fields on the population in order to pave the way for bolagsverksamheten.

It is very rare that the representatives of the companies prosecuted for aiding and abetting the crimes. In connection with the nuremburg trials after world war ii, a number of German industrialists to account. Then its a case in the Netherlands: a man supplied the iraqi regime with components for kemvapentillverkning. the
In other cases, the company, and thus not representative, as individuals, have been charged – as in the year when the French cementbolaget Lafarge was charged for having paid IS to be allowed to continue to operate in Syria.

There are testimonials, and also several reports from influential organisations such as the UN, if the oil companies ' impact on the population close to the business. The prosecutor is expected to force folkrättsbrottet operate a line called likgiltighetsuppsåt – to bolagsföreträdarna been indifferent to the risk of what their activities might mean for the local population in Sudan.

Bolagsföreträdarna defend themselves, inter alia, that the military attack to clear the population which is mainly attributable to precisely lundin's Swedish operations, at a road construction, would not be able to sue. According to the company, there were no residents in the area, which is reported to be 80 per cent of the marshlands. Bolagsföreträdarna also stated that no employee of the company or of other companies on the site, saw something that verifies the data in all the reports from human rights organisations. On the contrary, they claim the opposite, that the affected society in the posiv direction, with the road construction and by building schools and providing mobile services such as medical clinics.

Sources: Lundin Petroleum, folkrättsforskare Land., peace and konfliktforskare Johan Brosché, The Guardian, Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International, Christian Aid, the European Coalition on Oil in Sudan, the UN commission for human rights. Interview with Ian Lundin and Alex Schneiter.

Read more: Ian Lundin: ”How can two people cause a war?”

Carl Johan von Seth: the Judgment of the oil industry has already fallen

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