The display of punishment of sexual tourism with minors is disappearing from many countries such as Thailand or Cambodia, but the problem persists, aggravated by the facilities offered by the new technologies. Cyber or traditional, the sexual exploitation remains one of the most common forms of modern slavery, which affects about 40 million people, according to data from 2107. The German Dorothea Czarnecki, vice-president of Ecpat International (the acronym in English of Ending Prostitution and Child Pornography and the Trafficking of Children for Sexual purposes), attends to The Forefront to talk about this problem and ensures that you have turned on the alarms with the volunturismo, the detected cases of the sexual exploitation of minors by volunteers who offer their help do not leave in areas that guarantee the daily contact with boys or girls, as is the case of orphanages.
In the last decade has seen a greater sensitivity towards the fight against sex tourism, with greater involvement of travel agents and campaigns as you don't look to the side of 2014. What has improved a lot in
In part yes, but we have the same intensity in our struggle, because of new forms of abuse and exploitation of children linked to tourism. The tourism industry has also changed and really the big operators are working to eradicate sex tourism. But the operators are not fools and seek new forms.
What are these new ways?
Basically arise with the internet. For example, the grooming. We have to report to a French organised a trip to Vietnam to exploit street children. And he didn't even know vietnamese. Thanks to the translator and other tools of Google you have contacted a pimp and managed to organize everything. It also happens with the sex tourism webcam: no exit nor the desktop, nor the house, nor the country to do damage.
With the sex tourism webcam no longer need to leave or the desktop, or the home, or the country to do harm.”
are There many cases of children in webcam?
Yes, especially in the Philippines. The cameras are in the Philippines but the abuser is in any part of the world. We have in these times lawsuits against citizens, Dutch, French, German and Spanish who sexually exploit children with webcams. But we can only bring to trial those cases in which we gathered sufficient evidence. Those that do not leave traces we can't chase them. Luckily, in many cases, the attackers record what they see and these recordings end up being a test. But if there are only a live streaming then we can not do anything.Dorothea Czarnicki during his intervention at the recent international congress on child abused in Barcelona (DC / Twitter)
How the internet has diminished the usual forms of sex tourism?
Well, the classical forms, so to speak, is also evolving. In Cambodia you do not see to many minors on the street, but we know that sexually exploit in closed places, as private houses. In Vietnam, for example, brothels are hidden in karaOke bars and the way of discovering this for customers is that the Or is painted much larger. The pimps each time hide more to the boys and girls, and that is a sign that there is more pressure.
what Is more difficult to fight against these new forms of sex tourism?
Yes, it is more difficult because the work of NGOS, civil society and the police will always behind of what is happening. First we have to learn about the facts, then seek testing, and finally to intervene. This is a slow process and, instead, using the internet is going to be another speed.
The pimps each time hide more to the boys and girls, and that is a sign that there is more pressure.”
what progress Has been made in law enforcement in countries such as India, the Philippines, Thailand, Brazil...?
Yes, quite a few. That is a truth. They have created specialist units, often thanks to international cooperation. The Dutch police and the australian have done a magnificent job to train specialized groups in the Philippines, Vietnam or Indonesia. In this last country it works very well-a record that prevents the entry of those suspected of wanting to enter to sexual tourism. A new area of fight against the sexual tourism is to volunteer. We need now is to work more is the role of police in that area. Operators are now looking to international projects that give them access to working with children all day.
Have you seen an increase in cases of sexual abuse of minors on the part of the international volunteers?
Yes, we have noticed that there is more sex tourism that seeks to minors within the volunteer. A fellow australian and I did a research last summer among the police forces of Nepal, Myanmar, Cambodia, and so on and all we were told about cases of abuse of foreigners in places where there is volunteering.And many cases are given in orphanages. The problem comes from the changes in the forms of access of the attackers. The new way of entering a country as a sex tourist is posing as an international volunteer. In the prison of Phnom Penh there is a convicted of abuse during three years of children in an orphanage. Posing as doctor and no one asked for your credentials because, as it was a european trusted him.
The operators are not stupid and seek new forms, such as projects that give them access to working with children every day,”
is There any country that has improved?
The countries which have traditionally been the epicenter of the sexual exploitation linked to tourism, such as Thailand or Cambodia, have changed for the better much, have made changes in their laws to combat it, by the pressure of the international community.
what has been detected sex tourism in Europe?
Well, yes, there is also. In Estonia or Lithuania, cheap countries for travel that have become new destinations for european tourists. And there is sexual exploitation, sometimes not so much linked to the tourism, because of the immigration crisis. In Germany and in all countries. Many unaccompanied minors arrive, seeking asylum and enter into networks of sexual exploitation. The image that we have of that only happens in poor countries is wrong.