In the past year have been documented, according to Amnesty International, the world as few executions as recently ten years ago. The human rights organization listed in the annual report for 2018 to the death penalty, at least 690 executions in 20 States. In the previous year, 993 executions were in 23 States.
However, there is a significant underreporting, especially in China, where in 2018, presumably several Thousand people executed had been stated in the report, to be presented on Wednesday. Four countries were therefore for 78 percent of all documented executions responsible: Iran (at least 253), Saudi Arabia (149), Vietnam (at least 85) and Iraq (at least 52).
"is no longer reverse the Trend to abolish"
The overall significant decrease in the executions have Essentially two causes: "first of all, some of the countries, which are always there for the Bulk of the executions, such as Iraq, Iran, Pakistan, and Somalia have driven the application of the death penalty," notes the organization. "On the other hand, the number of countries which have been known decreased that you have carried out executions."
There had been in the fight against the death penalty is also some backward steps, the authors. In the majority of the countries that condemn people to death or executed, will not receive the death penalty according to processes that comply with the international standards for a fair trial. In some cases, based on judgments even on statements that may have been extorted by torture or ill-treatment in Egypt, Bahrain, China, Iraq, Iran, and Saudi Arabia. Still applicable: "The Trend towards abolition of the death penalty is no longer to reverse. Every year the circle of those States without the death penalty."
Markus N. Beeko, Secretary General of Amnesty International in Germany, said: "The death penalty is cruel, inhumane, violates the right to life and against the spirit of the universal Declaration of human rights." Two-thirds of States worldwide have abolished the death penalty or are no longer imposed. The decline in executions was sightings "an important development towards a world without executions".