The ball is now in the camp of Emmanuel Macron. Meeting in Paris, the 150 citizens of the climate Convention, carried for nine months into a democratic experience unique, have adopted Sunday at 95 % the final report listing all of their proposals to fight global warming. A report that the minister of the ecological Transition, Elizabeth Terminal, came to retrieve by hand, waiting for the "first responses" to the president, on the 29th of June.read also : the climate Convention: a series of proposals in shock that advocate sobriety at all costs
The 150 French-drawn, after heated debate, they finally decided not to ask for a referendum on proposals " concrete ", related to the daily life of the French, fearing that they would be rejected. 63.4% of participants have preferred a referendum on the creation of a crime of" ecocide, "defined in their report as" any action that has caused environmental damage serious participant in the overflow and manifest non-negligible number of planetary boundaries " in knowledge of the facts. A text in this sense has already been rejected in the Assembly and the Senate.read also : 'Convention' for the climate, wants a referendum on the crime of"ecocide"
The participants also requested that the French vote on the possible introduction of the fight against global warming in the Constitution. Thierry Pech, co-chair of the "corporate governance committee" of the Convention, " these are not revisions to the symbolic : they would have effects very concrete on the legislative field ". "A constitutional referendum has virtually no chance of succeeding, especially with the next elections, for its part, considers Jean-Philippe Derosier, professor of constitutional law at the university of Lille. Because it is based on the article 89 of the Constitution, which requires that the national Assembly and the Senate to agree on a text. ""France in miniature"
Tax on dividends, thermal renovation of mandatory buildings, the reform of the certification labels, prohibition of city centers for polluting vehicles, end of the heated terraces... 149 proposals contained in the report, including the proposal to limit to 110 km/h speed on the highway, which is already a leap the automobile associations. Only the idea of 28 weekly working hours has not been selected, slammed from all sides at a time when the economic sectors leaded by the crisis of the Covid-19 want to raise. "It is totally disconnected from reality and indefensible in the current context. This measure discredits totally the convention ", was deemed one of the participants in the debates this weekend. "Your actions are disturbing to some, they are excited about others', has held the Elizabeth Terminal.
for nine months, 150 people have not spared their efforts in the face of an ambitious goal : aim for " a decline of at least 40 % of greenhouse gas (ghg) emissions by 2030, in a spirit of social justice." That will now make Emmanuel Macron of their work, who had called for the creation of this Convention as a response to the crisis of the" yellow vests " ? "The president of the Republic is preparing a reconstruction of economic, ecological and solidarity. Your work will be at the heart of the project ", launched by the minister of the ecological Transition, ensuring that there would be " no taboo ". Six months ago, Emmanuel Macron was committed to ensuring that these proposals be submitted " without filter ". A promise hard to keep in front of the content of these binding proposals, not to say radical, and where the funding is far from being polished.read also : Convention on the climate: these 150 people engaged in an adventure in democratic new
" It is dangerous and it will not do ", said Jean-Philippe Derosier. The constitutionalist does not hide her reservation on the legitimacy of the outcomes of this Convention : "The participants were chosen by random draw, an approach that is based on chance. Or on an election, or an appointment. This does not therefore compel the people to accept the measures they propose. Especially, there is a total lack of responsibility : who is responsible for the consequences of such measures if things go wrong ? "
'Representativeness and legitimacy are two different things," says Thierry Pech. The citizens of the Convention are “France in miniature”. We did not ask them to write the law, they have only proposals. The Parliament, or the French people will now take back control and decide. "Their side," 150 ", have created an association to defend their proposals and monitor the become.
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