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The Spanish authorities have expelled this year equal 1,489 moroccan. Despite the efforts of the Executive of Pedro Sánchez to strengthen the cooperation of Morocco in the field of migration, the number of readmitted is the lowest of the last four years and it represents only a tenth part of the 10.816 moroccan arrivals this year of irregular shape. These data, which the Ministry of the Interiorse had been reluctant to disclose, until now, are reflected in a response to parliamentary senator Jon Iñarritu (EH-Bildu).
The moroccan is the most numerous nationality, and represents 21.4% of the 53.382 migrants arriving to Spain by boat or across land borders, according to data of Unhcr on 31 October. Among them there are a high number of minors. Moroccans account for about 70% of the more than 11,000 unaccompanied alien children that it is estimated that there are in Spain and are inexpulsables.
The data from the General Directorate of the National Police, reveal that in the first ten months of the year have reached more than double of moroccans in 2017 and about ten times more than in 2016, 2015 and 2014. In those years, however, the number of expulsions was even higher than that of arrivals.
The forced repatriation of moroccan citizens is dependent on the quotas that their authorities are willing to accept at the borders of Ceuta and Melilla and these vary or are no longer met, without further explanations. About a month ago it, Morocco reduced the quota from 25 to 10 return for border and working day, without the police authorities in spain to know to explain the reason why. Recently, Morocco became to increase the quota to 20 return daily by border or 200 per week, according to sources familiar with this dynamic of expulsions. The Government intends to increase these quotas and some weeks ago, the National Police, responsible for the transport of expellees, purchased a bus with a capacity of 46 seats to reinforce its fleet of vans to just 12 seats.
For the Spanish authorities to moroccan and algerian citizens are the most easy to eject thanks to the bilateral agreements on migration issues with both countries. They are also the main nationalities present in the Centres of Internment of Foreigners (CIE) where, after a maximum of 60 days, executes its return or it leaves them in freedom.
half of the expulsions are caused by irregular stay. Fewer in number (347) there are expulsions are justified by sentences, inside or outside of Spain, and cases (275) in which the expulsion substitutes a sentence of imprisonment exceeding one year. The figures presented do not include, however, the returns, another figure administrative, different from the expulsion, used to repatriate foreign nationals in the cases in which they were intercepted trying to illegally enter the country. This mechanism is almost never run with the sub-saharans but with the moroccans and algerians.
The numbers now reported are of those offered by the director of Migration and Border Surveillance, with the rank of governor in the Ministry of the Interior of Morocco. Khalid Zeruali reported to this newspaper last November that in the first ten months of the year Spain had returned to Morocco to 3,400 moroccans who came to the peninsula clandestinely. When asked on the 28th of October in Rabat, the Foreign Minister, Josep Borrell, pointed out that the returns of moroccans develop “satisfactorily”, that are “an example for Europe”, but gave no figures.